It seems that all Hebrew words that have a vowel under the letter are pronounced with the letter ("consonant") followed by the vowel. The only exception that I can think of is when a patach is underneath a chet at the end of a word such as in the word נֹח. The word is pronounced noach, not nocha.

The vowel sound is pronounced before the consonant. Why is this an exception?

(This question is applicable to Torah reading, so I'm not intending this as a loose question about the Hebrew language.)


Essentially there should be no vowel, but for certain guttural consonants (specifically, Hei, Chet, and Ayin) it's hard to end a word like that ("NoH"?), so an extra half-vowel is placed before the final consonant. This is not a full Patach, but a half-vowel (not unlike how a Shva Na' isn't counted as a syllable) known as a "furtive Patach" or "פתח גנובה". In classical texts, the Patach is actually written a bit before the letter to indicate this. From Devarim 29:22 in the Aleppo Codex:

example text from aleppo codex deu 29:22

  • Also (more recently) in the Koren Tanach books.google.co.uk/… – Avrohom Yitzchok Nov 3 '16 at 19:05
  • 1
    @AvrohomYitzchok Where do you think Koren got it's typeset from? Does the font in the picture look familiar? – Double AA Nov 3 '16 at 19:11
  • There are two Koren fonts – one for the siddur and one for the Tanach. The siddur font is clearly different to the Aleppo Codex. I could imagine that the Codex inspired the Koren Tanach font - but not more. – Avrohom Yitzchok Nov 5 '16 at 22:16
  • @AvrohomYitzchok en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koren_Type#Koren_Bible_Type – Double AA Nov 6 '16 at 0:18
  • Well found! Btw, compare the reish and the daleth in the "Bible Type". – Avrohom Yitzchok Nov 6 '16 at 10:58

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