This article claims that one opinion is that the word "Ivri" is related to "Ever", one of Noah's descendants.

The Bible uses the term "Ivri" in many places. Avram was called an "Ivri" (Breishit (Gen.) 14:13). Considering that Ever had many non-Jewish (i.e. non-Abraham) desendants, or for that matter, descendants of Ishma'el or Esav, etc. why aren't these descendants also called "Ivrim" or "Hebrews" based on this definition?

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    Babe Ruth is called the Sultan of Swat because he swat so many home runs. Other players though have hit as many too. Why aren't they all called "Sultans of Swat" based on this definition? – Double AA Nov 1 '16 at 18:53
  • Yona Hanavi " וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם עִבְרִ֣י אָנֹ֑כִי" – kouty Nov 1 '16 at 19:52
  • what about מעבר לנהר – kouty Nov 1 '16 at 20:04
  • @kouty, "Ivri" is used in numerous places in Tanac"h. In the Torah, Avra(ha)m and Yosef are called Ivrim. I know about Yonah. (Moshe, interestingly, was referred as being a "mitzri" - Egyptian.). At any rate, I mentioned the 1st occurrence of the term in Tanac"h. – DanF Nov 1 '16 at 22:47
  • This article claims... Which article? – mevaqesh Nov 1 '16 at 23:20

Ignoring the other etymological possibilities for the term "Ivri" which would preclude all but Avraham's descendants, the Stone Chumash (Gen 14:13, page 63) reads

Only Abraham's descendants are called "Ivrim" for they alone spoke Hebrew, Eber's language. Eber's other descendants spoke Aramaic, and are called Arameans. (Radak)

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