If a person had to choose between buying an esrog or a lulav, which one should he buy? For example, if he cannot afford to buy both or supplies are extremely limited.
1In my experience, when you buy an etrog, the other three minim are given to you for free.– Noach MiFrankfurtSep 28, 2016 at 13:25
1@NoachMiFrankfurt except during shmitah when you buy the lulav. Also, it is not that you get the others for free, but you are chrged a single price for all four. You can buy each one seperately (as in Machane Yehudah in Yerushalaim).– sabbahillelSep 28, 2016 at 13:27
What about the options of just getting Hadasim or Aravot?– Double AA ♦Sep 28, 2016 at 14:12
related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/63990/759 judaism.stackexchange.com/q/30969/759– Double AA ♦Sep 28, 2016 at 14:19
hebrewbooks.org/…– Double AA ♦Sep 28, 2016 at 17:52
The halachos of the arbah minim require that all four be used for the mitzvah. If any one of the four is missing, then the mitzvah is not fulfilled. The case that you specify means that a person does not have all four species.
Rambam Shofar, Sukkah, vLulav - Chapter Seven (emphasis added)
5 These four species are considered to be one mitzvah, and each one is required for its performance. All of them [together] are called the mitzvah of lulav. One may not diminish them or add to them. If one of the species cannot be found, a similar species may not be substituted for it.
6 ... If a person did not bind them together, but rather took them one by one, he has fulfilled his obligation, provided he possesses all four species. However, if he has only one species or he is lacking one species, he should not take them until he acquires the remaining species.
If a person did not bind them together, but rather took them one by one, he has fulfilled his obligation, provided he possesses all four species....
This law is accepted as halachah (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 651:12)...
You can go into partnership with someone to buy them, but each one must own all four (alone) at the time he takes them to make the bracha. This is similar to the case in which the shul (or the rav for the shul) buys a set and it is passed around to each member as a matana al menas lehachzir However, at the time that each person takes the set, it belongs to him alone. Thus, it does not matter how much each person contributed to the set or which one of the four he may have bought.
The Four Kinds: The Lulav and Etrog
Note: On the first two days of Sukkot, the mitzvah can be fulfilled only using one’s own Four Kinds. As such, if using someone else’s set, it needs to be given as “a present, conditional on its return.” You can then use the set—your set—and then you return it, as a gift, to its original owner.
I like the partnership concept. Good solution!– DanFSep 28, 2016 at 13:49
1@DanF In the past it was completely standard that each Shul would have just one set that they passed around and no one owned their own set.– Double AA ♦Sep 28, 2016 at 14:05
4In any event, while this answer points out that buying only one is not nearly as good as buying both, it doesn't really answer the question. If you are really stuck, is there a preference? Tosfot already discusses using invalid Minim as a Zekher. Is there a preference in that regard as to which you use?– Double AA ♦Sep 28, 2016 at 14:18