Chapters 3-8 of 1 Kings highlight the positive achievements of King Solomon, focusing particularly on the construction of the Temple. It provides extensive details, including the names of the two pillars flanking the entry: Jachin and Boaz. According to 1 Kings 7:21, it reads:

"He set up the pillars at the vestibule of the temple; he set up the pillar on the south and called it Jachin; and he set up the pillar on the north and called it Boaz."

Why are the pillars specifically named? Do their names represent a theological concept?

From my foggy memory of Hebrew learning days, I seem to correlate the name "Jachin" with the future, masculine, singular tense of the verb "to establish." Does "Jachin" mean, "he will establish." If so, is that in reference to G-d and the establishment of his temple?

And "Boaz" simply means, "mighty," right? Is the pillar named that to represent the "mighty" attribute of G-d?

These are just my fuzzy thoughts, what do the rabbinical writings suggest about the names of these pillars?

  • sefaria.org/Metzudat_David_on_I_Kings.7.21?lang=bi explains why. Likely other commentaries do, also, but I haven't any at hand that do. – msh210 Aug 11 '16 at 6:27
  • FYI - These names are considered as significant foundations of the Masonic concept. I'm pretty sure some of the classic commentaries discuss these names. Boaz, in particular, was a direct ancestor of King Solomon. (Ruth married Boaz, and the end of the book of Ruth lists lineage until King David, whom was Solomon's father. It's possible that the name of the pillar was an illusion or in memory of his ancestor.) – DanF Aug 11 '16 at 14:16
  • Also sefaria.org.il/… - no time or energy to translate. – Danny Schoemann Feb 5 '19 at 15:13

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