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Is there a prohibition against long hair for an orthodox Jewish man? If there is at what length? Past ears? shoulder? At what point is it considered long hair?

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    There is no formal prohibition. – mevaqesh Aug 10 '16 at 0:37
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    Nezirim grew their hair quite long. Indeed no one mentions that as a problem, or indicates they had any Halakhic issues with Mitzvot like Tefillin. – Double AA Aug 10 '16 at 0:50
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    @DoubleAA I don't know if we can learn from nezirim, though; there are times when it is required to drink wine/grape juice, too, and yet they do not (presumably nazirut takes priority?). – Monica Cellio Aug 10 '16 at 0:55
  • @MonicaCellio Inability to do a positive Mitzva is different from actively violating a prohibition. And either way the point about Tefillin stands, as no one ever discusses a special dispensation whereby Nazir hair is different from any other hair regarding Tefillin. (and related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/8139/759) – Double AA Aug 10 '16 at 1:06
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    possible dupe judaism.stackexchange.com/q/37784/759 – Double AA Aug 10 '16 at 2:16
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This is an argument amongst the achronim.

See Yoreh Deah siman 178. The Shulchan Aruch writes not to grow one's hair like the non Jews do and not to shave the sides while leaving the hair on top.

Shach there #1 brings the Ateres Zahav who says this is actually all one prohibition. Don't grow hair like them which is shaven on the sides etc. The Shach goes on to quote the Bach who says there are two separate prohibitions and the prohibition to grow hair refers to growing it for beauty like the girls do, which (for men) is disgusting and haughty. The Prisha writes the same.

  • Follow-up on the 2nd par. Could one infer from Yoreh De'ah that a man should not wear a ponytail regardless of the hair length? – DanF Aug 10 '16 at 14:31
  • What do you mean? – user6591 Aug 10 '16 at 14:36
  • In your answer, you mention 2 aspects: 1) Not to grow one's hair long as Gentiles do and 2) grow it for beauty as girls do. My question is if a ponytail for a man would fall into either of these categories. – DanF Aug 10 '16 at 14:40
  • From a theoretical point of view, we can perhaps point to the Magen Avraham in hilchos krias shema siman 75 who says girls didn't leave their hair loose as a matter of humility, tznius. (Yes I am translating the word tznius the way it is meant all over shas and poskim, not in the modern colloquial sense.) so at least theoretically a pony would not be the same degree of haughtiness. But that's just my 2c. Unless the Bach/Prisha were referring to a girl whose hair was in a pony, and they still called it haughty for a man to do. – user6591 Aug 10 '16 at 14:47
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    "growing it for beauty" This doesn't seem to be about any large length per se, but rather any length done intentionally (not just out of laziness). So any purposeful hair style length choice is a problem. (Ex. people who "like" to get a #3 trim instead of a #2.) – Double AA Aug 11 '16 at 16:04
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As other people have mentioned in the comments:

Nazirites had to have long hair as part of their vow. It's hard to conceive that the Biblical Category of Nazirites, given directly from the Torah by God, and associated with higher holiness, would be violating a prohibition. Also the Rabbis in the gemara never mention anything problematic with the Nazirites having long hair.

Also there have been Jewish groups that have been discovered to have the minhag of having long hair. One such group is the Habbani tribe of Yemenite Jews:

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In short: Even if there were Orthodox groups or communities that explicitly or implicitly discouraged men from growing long hair, they don't have much of a Biblical (or Halakhic) foundation to stand on. And anyone who says it's not proper for "Jews" to have long hair are insulting the Jewish communities who have a minhag of long hair.

  • But what if it's not your minhag? – ezra Sep 3 '18 at 16:50
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    @Ezra so then you don't have to have long hair? Doesn't mean you can't have it. As a Sephardic Jew I don't have a minhag to grow peyot but I don't think anyone would stop me because it's "not my minhag." – Aaron Sep 3 '18 at 20:42
  • @Aaron I assume you mean what's nowadays referred to as peyot, rather than actual halachic peyot. – user15253 Sep 4 '18 at 11:27

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