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If someone,for whatever reason, cannot say Birchas HaTorah, would that person nevertheless be able to learn Torah that day?

  • I'm not really sure I can think of a case where this can feasibly occur. If you're in a state to speak words of Torah, you should also be in a state to say the Brachos first. Can you try to give an example where this can occur, to explain the situation a bit more clearly? – Salmononius2 Jul 17 '16 at 19:53
  • @sal a relevant case could be of he has a doubt if he already said them. Then we might say safek brachot lehakel but he still wants to learn – Double AA Jul 17 '16 at 22:03
  • @DoubleAA I guess that may be possible. I was getting the impression from the question though that it wasn't a case of Safek whether or not he said it, but rather we know he didn't say it, and for some reason, he can't say it right now. sye81397, would you be able to clarify your question? – Salmononius2 Jul 19 '16 at 1:51
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There is a difference according to the SA OC 47, 4 between thinking and speaking about Torah. For speaking one needs a Bracha, but not for thinking (for more details see Beur Halacha). For writing, SA OC 47, 3 one needs a Bracha as for speaking. See Acharonim for details. I just want to say that your man can learning by thinking but not by speaking or by writing.

For Birkat Hatorah we are allowed to say it at all time, so I don't really understand how someone cannot say Birkas Hatora

Anyway, the second blessing before Kriat Shema, of Shacharit and of Arvit may help, because if someone says it with the intention to allow for himself to learn torah, it is good as if he said Birkat hatora SA OC 47, 7. So if he can bless Ahava, he can study Torah.

I didn't want to talk about hirhur Kedibur, but a good question from @DanF about listening someone else which is saying or reading Torah was asked and is very important. Gemara Brachot 20b said that despite that Hirhur lav Kedibur, because there was some speaking, because Shomea Keone, they was in duty to be clean. To listen the voice of someone who says Divre Torah is different from thinking alone silently. See bellow.

Tosfot Brachot 20b:

דאשכחן בסיני. פירוש אף ע''ג דכדבור דמי לענין שיצא מ''מ לאו כדבור דמי לענין שיהא בעל קרי אסור להרהר כדאשכחן בסיני דהיה שם דבור והיו צריכין לטבול ואע''פ שהיו שותקין שומע כעונה [סוכה לח:]: ‏

I am not sure that the halacha is congruent to this Tosfot. The Mishna in Bikurim 3, 7 seems a little hard with this pshat, now I cannot verify.

And in the Tosfot bellow we see that Rabenu Tam and RI thought that listening Kedusha is an hefsek, a greater Chiddush, not ruled on halacha. See the passage bellow in bold.

Tosfot 21b:

וכתב רש''י בסוכה פרק לולב הגזול (דף לח:) דאדם המתפלל ושמע מפי החזן קדיש או קדושה אינו יכול להפסיק ולענות עם הצבור אלא ישתוק וימתין מעט דשומע כעונה וי''ל דלכתחלה אין לעשות כן דענייה חשיבא טפי הדור מצוה.‏

Rashi said that when someone is praying Amida and hear the Chazan saying Kaddish or Kedusha, he need to be silent and hearing to be Yotse because of Shomea Keone.

ור''ת ור''י היו אומרים דאדרבה אי שומע כעונה הוי הפסקה אם שותק. ‏

Rabenu Tam and RI was taught not listen kedusha or Kadish in the middle of Amida because Shomea Keone is hefsek.

ומ''מ נהגו העם לשתוק ולשמוע וגדול המנהג. ‏

The minhag follows Rashi against RT and RI. ‏

  • What about reading or listening to a d'var Torah or drasha from someone else? Or are these included in the category of "thinking"? – DanF Jul 18 '16 at 15:26
  • @DanF for listening I asked myself if there is not a problem of Shomea Keone and still not verified this – kouty Jul 18 '16 at 16:13
  • Let us continue this discussion in chat. – kouty Jul 18 '16 at 18:26

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