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If a Jew was forced to do a mitzva (For example, if we grab him and put tefilin on him.):

  1. Has he fulfilled his obligation? For example, if he was forced to say shma and then made teshuva (and now wants to say it) is he obligated to say shma?
  2. Does he receive reward?
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  1. From Shulchan Aruch Harav 475.28

It seems that it will depend if it is a mitzvah that his body gets benefit from I.e. Matza, moror, and the Korban Paisach

If yes, then he has done the mitzva.

But if it is no pleasure for his body I.e. shma, shofar, lulav (and tefflin) then he has not yoitze the mitzva and it is not called that he did a mitzva (even if he was not forced just that he did not have in mind to do the commandment)

  1. from Hilchos Talmud Torah 4.3

it seems he might get some reword since he is doing what the Rabbis commanded "to do the mitzva not for its sake" (we know it is a mitzva to listen to the Rabbis for this reason we say a brocho on shabos candles)


PS @MichaBerger referred me to rambam  Mishneh Torah »Sefer Madda » Teshuvah - Chapter Three

Halacha 3.
Anyone who changes his mind about the mitzvoth has performed and regrets the merits [he has earned], saying in his heart: "What value was there in doing them? I wish I hadn't performed them" - loses them all and no merit is preserved for him at all as [Ezekiel 33:12] states "The righteousness of the upright will not save him on the day of his transgression." This only applies to one who regrets his previous [deeds]...

(For commentaries regarding this see this in Hebrew)

From which it seems that even if his body had pleasure if he regrets (at a later time) that he performed the mitzva it is lost.
But it is possible that this only works if it is all the mitzvot that he had performed not only one

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  • This seems to contradict something that I have heard numerous times from numerous rabbanim when I was in elementary and high school. Limud Torah is a mitzvah. Many students, including myself, were lazy or reluctant to learn anything. We'd rather be outside playing punch ball. But, we were forced to learn and every rebbe explained the principle "mitoch lo lishma ba lidei shema", loosely translated as when you learn without doing so for its sake eventually you will do it for its sake. But, it was explained that you accomplished a mitzvah either way. – DanF Jun 9 '16 at 19:50
  • @DanF you can ask that as a separate question but I think that's it is not a different opinion since the same author likes your idea in the laws of Torah study if I'm not mistaken – hazoriz Jun 9 '16 at 19:54
  • @DanF my answer was Tony regarding if he fulfilled his obligation not if it is considered a if he has done a commandment – hazoriz Jun 9 '16 at 19:55
  • "Tony"??? I don't understand. – DanF Jun 9 '16 at 19:57
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    @DanF it is hard to imagine that they force, I think it will be considered they convince – hazoriz Jun 9 '16 at 20:10

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