Cantillation notes (aka trope) is called טעמי המקרא in Hebrew.
I have seen the Hebrew word טעם used to mean:
- taste as in:
שָׁטוּ֩ הָעָ֨ם וְלָֽקְט֜וּ וְטָחֲנ֣וּ בָרֵחַ֗יִם א֤וֹ דָכוּ֙ בַּמְּדֹכָ֔ה וּבִשְּׁלוּ֙ בַּפָּר֔וּר וְעָשׂ֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ עֻג֑וֹת וְהָיָ֣ה טַעְמ֔וֹ כְּטַ֖עַם לְשַׁ֥ד הַשָּֽׁמֶן׃
The people went about, and gathered it, and ground it in mills, or beat it in mortars, and seethed it in pots, and made cakes of it; and the taste of it was as the taste of a cake baked with oil.
- reason(ing) / discernment as in:
ט֤וּב טַ֣עַם וָדַ֣עַת לַמְּדֵ֑נִי כִּ֖י בְמִצְוֺתֶ֣יךָ הֶאֱמָֽנְתִּי׃ (Sefaria's translation)
Teach me good discernment and knowledge; for I have believed in Thy commandments
I don't see how the term טעמי המקרא colludes with either of these 2 definitions. Does it, or is there some other definition that I'm unaware of - what is it?