1

Who knows two hundred thirty-seven?

Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point at least twenty-four hours from now, I will:

  • Upvote all interesting answers.

  • Accept the best answer.

  • Go on to the next number.

5

According to Rashi, 237 years elapsed between two times when there was a prominent leader of the Jewish People (or a major segment thereof) descended from Yissachar.

The details:

One of the shofetim (whose career is described in Judg. 10:1-2) was Tola, of the tribe of Yissachar, who served for twenty-three years. Rashi's explanation of the "300 years" mentioned ibid. 11:26 puts Tola's judgeship in the years 238-261 since the entry into Eretz Yisrael, or 2726-2749 since Creation. (Other commentaries reconstruct the chronology differently.)

The third king of the Ten Tribes, Baasha, was also from the tribe of Yissachar (I Kings 15:27). He began to reign in the year 2986 since Creation. (Seder Hadoros)

2986 - 2749 = 237.

  • Psssch... very impressive research! +1 – Shaul Behr May 11 '11 at 21:11
1

In gematria (is that allowed for these questions?), 237 equals:
אלה הם מועדי יהוה (These are the festivals of the Lord)
From Vayikra, leading up to the commandments of Shavuot and Omer (apropo for today...)

  • Hey @AviD, fancy meeting you here, too! :) +1 for a very cool answer! – Shaul Behr May 11 '11 at 21:10
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    Actually, though, there's no such verse. Lev. 23:2 says אלה הם מועדי (without Hashem's name), and vv. 4 and 37 say 'אלה מועדי ה (without הם). – Alex May 11 '11 at 21:24
  • Gematria is certainly allowed. Up in these high numbers, it's sometimes the best we can do! – Isaac Moses May 12 '11 at 1:26
  • @Alex is correct, that verse is close, but not quite. Still, I'll leave it for entertainment value... – AviD May 12 '11 at 5:13

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