1)Is there a Din that a Kohain must be allowed to cut you online in a supermarket because of "Vkidashto"?

2)Do they go first when it comes to Davening when there are two Chiyuvim?

3)When you learn the Shach and Taz on Shulchan Aruch do you have to learn Shach first since he was a Kohain?


2 Answers 2


A kohein gets preference in:

  • "open first" - in Torah reading or any matter of honor.

  • "bless first"- he gets first grabs at a zimun (alt- to make hamotzi)

  • "to take a nice portion first"

On the last example the Ran in Nedarim (62b) as well as Rashi in Gittin explain the case as splitting equal portions with a yisrael, where the kohen's choice is more of a subjectively nicer portion.

We see that a kohen cannot undermine another's rights. If they're rights are equal, preference goes to the kohen. So to answer your questions:

  1. No, he can't cut the line.
  2. In theory, yes (also see Pri Megadim (Eshel Avraham) O.C. 53:14), but communities are allowed to override that rule when establishing a shul.
  3. Sounds strange, but I don't have a source.

An interesting version of #2: Since a Kohen has rights to the first honor, but not all the honor, if mincha and maarivv were davened in one shot, does the yisrael get to lead maariv?

  • 2
    As far as #3, the above rules do not apply to the kohen's products, but to the kohen himself. Perhaps it would be another thing if Rav Shabtai Kohen and Rav David [Halevi] Segel were actually standing in line waiting to present their chidushim.
    – WAF
    Commented May 6, 2011 at 18:45
  • Nice find in the Peri Megadim! Here is a follow up judaism.stackexchange.com/q/13553/759
    – Double AA
    Commented Jan 24, 2012 at 1:05
  • I don't understand #1. Why shouldn't the Yisrael allow him to cut the line? Merely because otherwise he'd get an unfair advantage of not having to wait? Isn't that the whole point of him going first? Commented Jan 12, 2015 at 7:22

Question 3 was asked to Rav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld here 105, and he replied - without sourcing it -that there is no such obligation.

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