Stack Exchange Network
Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including
Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.
Visit Stack Exchange
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It only takes a minute to sign up.
Sign up to join this community
Anybody can ask a question
The best answers are voted up and rise to the top
7 years, 1 month ago
Vayikra 23:15 reads the phrase: sheva shabbatot t'miymot.
Why is this rendered as 'seven weeks' and not 'seven shabbats'?
On basis of what is it defined, that the meaning of shabbatot in this case must mean weeks?
in Shemot 31:13 another plural use of the word shabbat is used, Shabtotai, meaning My Shabbats, which based on the context meaning the plural of Shabbat (the seventh day of the week, Yom HaShevi'i), and other verses like 1 Divrei HaYamim 23:31, 2 Divrei HaYamim 2:3, 8:13 and 31:3 use the word LaShabatot translated as Shabbats, Nechemya 10:34 uses the word HaShabatot, translated as the Shabbats. Yeshayahu 56:4 and other verses uses the word Shab'totai, and Yechezkel 45:17 UbaShabatot and 46:3 BaShabatot for example are all translated as Shabbats.
All the using of the word Shabatot and related (look-a-like) words seem to be translated as just Shabbat, while here in Vayikra 23 it is translated as weeks.
I'm looking for all possible explanations of rendering it this way.
22.5k 3 3 gold badges 28 28 silver badges 58 58 bronze badges
May 4, 2016 at 20:17
7,268 1 1 gold badge 13 13 silver badges 28 28 bronze badges
As noted by @DoubleAA
טו וּסְפַרְתֶּם לָכֶם מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת מִיּוֹם הֲבִיאֲכֶם אֶת עֹמֶר הַתְּנוּפָה שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת תְּמִימֹת תִּהְיֶינָה. טז עַד מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת הַשְּׁבִיעִת תִּסְפְּרוּ חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם
I believe assuming that the 'shabat' of 16 is the 'shabtot' of 15 acceptable. If we count seven-shabatot (which are also 'temimot', normally translated as 'complete', a word that doesn't look fit was it SAT) and the day afterwords we reach 50, that means we count weeks (and not seven SAT).
May 5, 2016 at 15:51
519 3 3 silver badges 13 13 bronze badges
log in to answer this question.
By clicking “Accept all cookies”, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our
Accept all cookies
Necessary cookies only