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In a year like this, where the last day of Pesach (for Israelis) is on Friday, can kitniyot be cooked on Pesach with an eruv tavshilin for use on Shabbat?

I know that eating kitniyot that don't need to be cooked is not a problem to eat on Shabbos, and many people in fact do this. If an eiruv tavshilin is made, it is permissible to prepare food for Shabbat on Yom Tov, but i don't really know all the laws of this. Here, the food is not fit for eating on Yom Tov, so it may be a problem to prepare.

  • Calendrically and geographically related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/9848 and judaism.stackexchange.com/q/14263 – msh210 Apr 27 '16 at 16:23
  • @msh the q isn't about israel. it's just not so relevant outside israel now. perhaps an ashkenazi israeli in chul could have this issue if staying with sefardi cousins, whereby his eating kitniyot on shabbat wouldn't be breaking from local practice. – Double AA Apr 27 '16 at 16:34
  • @DoubleAA it's currently baavonosenu relevant only to Israel (or possibly people from Israel). People wanting to know about concerns specific to Passover in Israel may search using both tags. By all means detag if you think it appropriate (or especially you, Scimonster). – msh210 Apr 27 '16 at 16:50
  • very similar judaism.stackexchange.com/q/15536/759 – Double AA Apr 27 '16 at 17:12
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Kitniot (legumes,lentils and rice) is a minhag (Iggeros Moshe (O.C. III:63) confirms this aproach as a reason why we can't add extra kitnios like potatoes) and only forbiddon to eat on pesach for ashkenazim but is permitted to own.The source of the Minhag:
Smak (Rav Yitzchak Mikorbeil 13th century) 222:

על הקטניות וכיוצא בהם, רבותינו נוהגים בהם איסור שלא לאוכלם בפסח כלל

By making an Eiruv Tavshilin comprising of a cooked food before the 7th day, (source Beitza 15b) one would be permitted to cook food on Yom tov for Shabbos (which is no longer Pesach).

One may mistakenly think that since Kitniot cannot be eaten it is Marit Haayin to cook kitniot on Yom tov for the sake of shabbos in an ashkenazi kehilla , as people will think you are making kitniot to eat that day on Pesach.

There is no prohibition of Marit haayin to cook kitniot on pesach for the sake of Shabbos motzei Pesach.
The reason is since Kitnios is permitted to cook for cholim on pesach* as long as its got a hechsher (that its been checked to make sure no chometz got mixed) and seperate utensils (that have not been used for pesach or chometz), so too it can be cooked for other puposes like motzei pesach and there is no Marit haayin.

This is based on the Shach in Yore Dea 87,7 when describing cooking non kosher milk with meat-

בבישול לחודיה ליכא משום מראית העין דהא יכול להיות שמבשל לצורך רפואה או שאר דברים
The cooking of it (non kosher milk with meat) is not prohibited because of Marit haayin, since one can assume you are cookng the mixture for an unwell person (in danger) or for another purpose (e.g selling to a gentile)

Likewise people won't think you are making kitniot to eat on Pesach, rather they'll assume its for a choleh or its going to be eaten on Shabbos after Pesach.

As with regards to having guests availlable to potentially eat the kitnios (Ho-il Pesachim 46b) on that day of Yom Tov**, the vast majority of people have neighbours that are sefardi or Cholim who are permitted to eat kitnios, so the cooking of kitnios is valid with an Eiruv Tavshilin.

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{Note: An alternative way of cooking kitniot, is by cooking for a choleh to eat that day and eat the leftovers on Shabbos. This concept is called marbeh beshiurim (source:beitza 17a: A woman may fill the whole pot with meat to cook, even though she only needs one portion). This may be done on yomtov even without an Eiruv Tavshilin.}

*{Mishna brura 453 "vein leshanos" ופשוט דה"ה לחולה אף שאין בו סכנה דמותר לבשל לו אם צריך לזה אלא דצריך לבדוק ולברור יפה יפה בדקדוק היטב שלא ימצאו בם גרעינים מה' מיני דגן וכתב החתם סופר בתשובה סי' קכ"ב דאפילו במקום שיש להתיר מ"מ יחלטנו לכתחלה ברותחין דכל מה דאפשר לתקן מתקנינן וכ"כ הח"א: - essentially as long as you make sure theres no chomeitz granules amoung the kitnios you can cook it for an unwell person the chasam sofer says also to scold it that way there's absolutely no leavening if possible (if not don't worry). Also use separete keilim if you have because everything you can do to fix the situation you do.}

**{This is a prerequisite for the eiruv to work according to the Tosfos and the Ran, but the Rambam disagrees and says even an isolated person can cook from Yom Tov to Shabbos with an Eiruv tavshilin. Beit Yosef Orach Chaim 527:
דעת הרמב"ם מבואר בגמרא פ' אלו עוברין (דף מו:) דאמרינן התם מדאורייתא צרכי שבת נעשים בי"ט ורבנן הוא דגזרו ביה גזירה שמא יאמרו אופין מי"ט לחול וכיון דאצרכוה רבנן ע"ת אית ליה היכרא ואע"ג דלמאן דלית ליה הואיל אמרינן התם הכי משמע דמאן דאית ליה הואיל נמי סבר הכי דבהא ל"פ והתוס' צ"ל שסוברים שאע"פ שאינו מפורש בגמרא שחולקים בכך מ"מ לרבה לא שאני ליה בין מי"ט לשבת למי"ט לחול}

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