I'm uncertain that there is a specific path per-se that might be considered a "standard" that works for everyone. I'm going with the general foundation that the purpose of learning Torah is so that you can perform.
Within all this, I think that it is important to perform mitzvot correctly. I went to a modern yeshiva through high school. Granted, the style and emphasis that I had in the 60's - 80's is significantly different from what I see now. My elementary shcool emphasized speaking and understandig Hebrew. Thus, long before Art Scroll existed, we all learned to understand Chumash and Gemarah in the original with understanding Rash"i. I think that developing this level of understanding is a critical foundation to learning and developing knowledge. Art Scroll ENglish, sadly, has become a "crutch" for so many, that, sadly, it's like jumping directly into the "Monarch Notes" of Gemarah without appreciating the fine nuances of the original language and arguments.
So, in short, I would suggest that if your Hebrew reading and understanding is weak, make this your top priority. I'm not talking about "Modern / Israeli" Hebrew, but understanding Biblical and Mishnaic Hebrew. If you can add a basic understanding of Aramaic as used in the Gemarah, that's also important, though, for many things, you can rely on Rash"i or some other commentary to translate many things.
The way all this relates to what I said about mitzvah performance, is that as you now, there are numerous opinions regarding so many mitzvot. Many people concoct chumrot that don't need to be there. Either that, or they develop a dislike towards others that don't follow their own strict rule. Often, this is because they have become "robots" thinking that mitzvot have only one path, because they never bothered to read and study the other options. If you have a good knowledge of Hebrew and spend effort to viewing or listening to other opinions, you can keep you mind open to these ideas and better decide for yourself which path you want to take. But it will emanate from your own knowledge and effort, not because of something rote that someone else dictated and you never understood.