4

The title says it all, for the most part, but given that the Bris Milah is a way of bringing a newborn boy into the covenant with God, why is there no parallel/similar ritual, or commencement, as it were, for girls?

  • 3
    "is a way of bringing a newborn boy into the covenant with God" Can you source that? In what way is he not in the covenant before? He's fully Jewish AFAIK and obligated in Mitzvot. Sounds like he's in the covenant. – Double AA Apr 5 '16 at 0:17
  • 1
    @DoubleAA While I am not opposed to saying that it is simply a sign of the covenant, the circumcision as somehow bringing the boy into the covenant is certainly there implicitly in the posukim that command it, as well as almost explicitly in the bracha made before the act of the bris and in that all present respond "Just as he has entered into the Covenant, so may he enter into Torah..." (Also, an infant is not obligated in mitzvos.) – WhoKnows Apr 5 '16 at 0:25
  • 2
    If you have sources for you claims you should always include them directly in the post, not in comments. – Double AA Apr 5 '16 at 4:12
  • 1
    It's interesting to consider the hymen as parallel, in that its removal is viewed as completing the physical person. – Double AA Sep 27 '16 at 3:34
5

The answer to that question is more difficult than appears at first glance. One might have be said "gloves for snakes? combs for hairless?"
One of the assumptions made by the question is that Brit milah is a supplement. If it is lacking, this is an under privilege.
But following the Rambam (the Guide for the Perplexes III, 49), it is as a quasi-amputation.

As regards circumcision, I think that one of its objects is to limit sexual intercourse, and to weaken the organ of generation as far as possible, and thus cause man to be moderate. Some people believe that circumcision is to remove a defect in man's formation; but every one can easily reply: How can products of nature be deficient so as to require external completion, especially as the use of the fore-skin to that organ is evident. This commandment has not been enjoined as a complement to a deficient physical creation, but as a means for perfecting man's moral shortcomings. The bodily injury caused to that organ is exactly that which is desired; it does not interrupt any vital function, nor does it destroy the power of generation. Circumcision simply counteracts excessive lust; for there is no doubt that circumcision weakens the power of sexual excitement, and sometimes lessens the natural enjoyment: the organ necessarily becomes weak when it loses blood and is deprived of its covering from the beginning. Our Sages (Beresh. Rabba, c. 80) say distinctly: It is hard for a woman, with whom an uncircumcised had sexual intercourse, to separate from him. This is, as I believe, the best reason for the commandment concerning circumcision. And who was the first to perform this commandment? Abraham, our father! of whom it is well known how he feared sin; it is described by our Sages in reference to the words, "Behold, now I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon" (Gen. xii. 11).
To reach spiritual perfection, we must abandon physic perfection. It is linked to foreskin, to viril problem only, women do not need this. Milah is a treatment against viril physic passion, to protect spiritual devlopment.

  • To reach spiritual perfection, we must abandon physic [sic] perfection. It is linked to foreskin [sic], to viril [sic] problem only, women do not need this This does not explain why women don't need to achieve spiritual perfection. If you mean that women simply don't have the organ in question, the OP knows that (I assume). His question is why there is no parallel procedure for women. They too have sexual urges that may impede their spiritual growth. – mevaqesh Aug 8 '16 at 18:51
  • @mevaqesh A needs a bicycle to go home, B hasn't bicycle, so B can not go home? – kouty Aug 8 '16 at 18:54
1

There actually is a naming ceremony for girls, called zeved habat.

Zeved is a gift (cf. Lea's naming of Zevulun in Bereshit 30:20). It is a way to express' parents hakarat hatov (gratitude) to God for the gift of a girl. This is quite common in Sephardic communities in France (personal experience) and surely elsewhere as well. There is a traditional prayer in the mainstream sephardic French siddur.

See for instance here regarding Syrian communities.

The zeved habat goes back many generations, and is still celebrated today. In the Syrian Jewish community of Brooklyn, New York, on the first Shabbat after a girl is born, her father, along with his father and father-in-law, are called to the Torah. The baby and her mother are usually in attendance, but since this is a primarily Orthodox community, only the men are called up for aliyot, the honor of saying the blessings before and after the public reading of a section of the Torah. The father says the blessings over the Torah reading twice–once on his own merit and once in honor of his daughter –and the grandfathers each have an aliyah as well.

The rabbi offers the family congratulations on their new arrival and offers a misheberach, a prayer for the girl’s well-being. Then the words “avi habat,” or “father of the daughter,” are called out. That is the congregation’s cue to start singing traditional songs for welcoming girls. The songs, based on poems dating back to 14th and 15th century Spain, are known as pizmonim. Women and men join in together.

See also here

Though several sources claim that Simchat Habat it is a “new” or revived custom peculiar to the United States, similar ceremonies have taken place in Sephardic and Ashkenazic Jewish communities since the Middle Ages. The common features of these different ceremonies are an “aliya” (calling to the torah) of the father in the synagogue, with announcement of the name of the child, and a celebration for family and friends at home.

[...]

A rabbi or Hacham presides over the Zeved Habat ceremony and several prayers and verses are recited. The mother recites Birkat Hagomel, the prayer of deliverance in honor of the safe birth.Song of Songs 2:14 is recited. If it is a first daughter, Son of Songs 6:9 is recited as well. Other prayers and recitations may include (Psalm 128 and the Priestly Blessing, Birkat Kohanim). The main recitation is the Mi shebberach prayer for naming the baby girl.

  • 3
    A makeshift ceremony dating back a few generations (or even a few hundred years) doesn't seem remotely parallel to a biblical commandment. – Double AA Apr 5 '16 at 4:01
  • 1
    @DoubleAA a strict parallel would be physiologically challenging. But the question asked about "similar/commencement as it were". As I digged into this for a dvar Torah I gave for my niece, I realized it is deeper and traces further back than I knew originally – mbloch Apr 5 '16 at 4:06
  • What? A biblical "covenant" mitzva wouldn't be physiologically challenging... – Double AA Apr 5 '16 at 4:07
  • 1
    @DoubleAA that might lead to a different question, e.g., why does man need to be "refined" physically and women do not, but that is not how I interpreted this question. The other question would be just as interesting – mbloch Apr 5 '16 at 4:08
  • How does this answer the question? I see no mention of the enterance to the covenant the the OP asked about. – mevaqesh Aug 8 '16 at 18:53
-1

There was a Brith Milah for girls amongst one Jewish group, though there is no way to know whether or not this practice was of Jewish origin, or was of some African pagan origin that infiltrated the Jewish community.

The Ethiopian Beta Israel community had a tradition of female circumcision. i don't know if there was a celebration marking the occassion, or if it was done as just common practice (like a doctor performing a male circumcision in the hospital). Thankfully upon migrating to Israel, this practice has almost (if not completely) died out. The articles in question make it appear that the practice was about limiting women's sexuality rather than a covenant with God, but the articles listed aren't exactly trying to find a religious reason for what is considered a very barbaric practice.

  • 1
    The question is about practices in Judaism, not those practiced by Jews. – Double AA Apr 5 '16 at 18:39
  • @DoubleAA They could have practiced this as part of Judaism, or at least their Judaism, but i don't have enough information, but thought the information i do have might be a good starting point for the OP – Aaron Apr 5 '16 at 19:18

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .