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A shul in my city made an early maariv for the 2nd day of yom tov. Knowing who the Rabbi is, he did not do this out of ignorance. There are 2 issues I am unclear about:

  1. Are there contemporary sources that allow switching your mincha-maariv cutoff even in the absence of adding kedusha (Tosefes). (This would be less of an issu if the 2nd day were shabbos or early maariv on the first day if you hold there is a mitzva of tosefes for yom tom)

  2. How does this circumvent the hachana issue. Granted you accepted the 2nd day, but that shouldn't negate the first day in terms of melacha, especially since they are 2 kedushas.

Any insight?

  • I recently had the opportunity to speak to the Rabbi, and brought this up as a btw, I was interested... He said like Yahu, although none of the members I spoke to knew that. Perhaps he announced it at the minyan at which my friends didn't attend. – YDK May 6 '11 at 5:49
  • see Ben ish Chai Translated into English where he takes for granted that one can accept Yom Tov Sheni early judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/104656/… – user15464 Jun 11 at 17:27
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After asking a local poseik who is a famous expert in the halachos of Yomtov Sheini regarding this issue, these are some of his comments:

  1. If the minha is davened before plag then a lack of tosefes kedushas hayom is not a problematic factor.

  2. It does not negate the first day in terms of melacha and therefore it can lead to many michsholim (errors) regarding hachanah and melachos di'oraisa and therefore it should not be done.

  • So, for example, if they cook, they have to start after they accept yom tov, but they have to be ready to eat before sundown? – YDK Apr 27 '11 at 21:52
  • Yes. Look at any typical zmanim calendar and you will see how hard that is to pull off! – Yahu Apr 28 '11 at 0:06
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    See my comment above. I think I would side practically with this posek. – YDK May 6 '11 at 5:51
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    @Yahu Shouldn't be that hard. Maariv on Yom Tov takes 15 minutes and Plag is 1.25 hours before sunset. That leaves 1 hour to walk home and say kiddush. Should be more than sufficient. – Double AA Jan 22 '15 at 5:16
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    I note too that in many cases the women will not be at shul for maariv (for better or worse) and can begin prep right at plag. – Double AA May 14 '15 at 2:35
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There are a number of authorities who allow taking in the second day of yom tov early. From my quick review of the sources they do not discuss the issue of tosefes.

See Aruch Hashulchan Orach Chaim 668:6 and Yom Tov Sheni Kehilchato p. 37.

The Taz (Orach Chaim 489:10) was against this practice but see response in Sha’ar HaTziyun 668:11

additional sources that support this practice especially for the second day of Shavuot http://www.adathisraelsf.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=359:beginning-the-2nd-day-of-shavuot-early&catid=24

for the sephardic custom see here

It seems from this last source that:

even after praying Arvit and reciting Kiddush early, the day fundamentally remains the first day of Yom Tov.

Here I am editorializing but this may be how both of your issues are addressed; there is no need for tosefes and no hachana because it is still the first day. I don't profess to truly understand this however, and it is not clear to me when, from the Ashkenazik perspective, one should light candles.

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