I don't really understand the laws of shlichut, designating a proxy to perform a mitzvah so I hope the question makes sense.

Does someone have to assign me the role of shaliach on his behalf, or can I (knowing he will not be mekayem the mitzvah otherwise) take on the role of shaliach and perform the mitzvah "for him" as it would be to his advantage?

The text of kaparot in my machzor includes "zeh chalifatchem" which is, according to the notes, said by one man on behalf of other men. Must they have said that they want to be exempted through someone else?

Can I give matanot l'evyonim on behalf of my family or friends who aren't going to do it, even though none of them (family or friends) has asked me to give on their behalf?

  • If it is a matana, you don't need diney shlicuth; In Mitsva you have a Din of Zachin Laadam shelo Befanav. – kouty Mar 24 '16 at 12:45
  • @kouty I was considering your second point as I wrote, but can you clarify your first? What is the matana/gift in this case? – rosends Mar 24 '16 at 12:55
  • 2
    This second point is really more complex. You need make: 1.- Haknaa, the money will be the property of the friend, but 2.- How induce that the friend give the money to the poor? I am not sure. – kouty Mar 24 '16 at 13:19
  • @kouty, perhaps be makne to the friend al m'nas that he give it as matanos laevyonim?? – msh210 Mar 25 '16 at 5:21
  • @msh210 I though it, but, the 2 cases that I know are 1.- in Succa, kinyan a.m. lehachzir, a positive point, but a mishna in nedarim 5, 6 Kol matana she eina... But may be you are right. lets, learn this! – kouty Mar 25 '16 at 7:36

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