In masechet horayot we learn that korbanot must be brought if the beit din makes an erroneous decision that is followed by the people. Do we know of such a mistake that was made by a beit din? If so, what was it?

  • Welcome to Mi Yodeya mink
    – kouty
    Mar 21, 2016 at 15:33
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    I would suggest putting in the exact citation besides fixing the typos. Mar 21, 2016 at 15:38
  • @kouty found that Shlomo Hamelech made a mistake and brought the korban. see below at the end of his answer. Mar 22, 2016 at 2:30
  • For those who haven't learned Horayos, the halachos in question are discussed in its first perek. The karban is known as a Par He'elam Davar, the "cow of a hidden matter" - I.e. The Halacha that was hidden from Beis Din. The source is Vayikra 5.
    – DonielF
    Aug 19, 2016 at 18:15

1 Answer 1


At the Time of the King Salomon, People followed the Beth Din instructions. Then, the Beth din realized his error, the Beth Din needed to bring a bull as special Qorban Chatat. The bans are only Chayave Kretot, see the first mishna of massechet kretot (actually, they cooked and ate).

We found something in Gemara Moed Qatan and Horayot about a verse.

Melachim I, 8, 65

וַיַּעַשׂ שְׁלֹמֹה בָעֵת-הַהִיא אֶת-הֶחָג וְכָל-יִשְׂרָאֵל עִמּוֹ קָהָל גָּדוֹל מִלְּבוֹא חֲמָת עַד-נַחַל מִצְרַיִם, לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ, שִׁבְעַת יָמִים, וְשִׁבְעַת יָמִים--אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, יוֹם
So Solomon held the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entrance Hamath unto the Brook of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days.

Massechet Moed Katan 9A

R' Parnak, reporting R' Johanan, said that that year Israel did not observe the Day of Atonement, whereat they were perturbed

At the time of King Salomon they cooked and ate on Yom Kippur and they offer Par Heelem Davar Dhel Tzibur (Eating and cooking in Yom Kipur is Chayav Qaret). This is clear from the Gemara in Horayot 3a from the words of Rav Asi commenting a verse in Melachim 1.8.65. About the Par Heelem Davar Shel Tzibur, there are several opinions(Horayot 3a) who need to bring it. According to one opinion in the name of Rabbi Meir, the Beth Din bring it. Following Rabbi Yehuda the congregation, following Rabbi Shimeon Ben Eleazar in the name of Rabbi Meir, both the congregation and the Beth Din bring a Qorban Tzibur.

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    The OP was looking for a documented case of a mistaken ruling. I don't see how this answers the question.
    – magicker72
    Mar 21, 2016 at 15:55
  • Let us continue this discussion in chat.
    – kouty
    Mar 21, 2016 at 20:28
  • @magicker72 you see my response to the OP in name of the Rogotshover?
    – kouty
    Mar 22, 2016 at 4:46
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    Yes, that's better. Now, the first half of our answer is unnecessary, and misleadingly worded as if it's there that the question is answered.
    – magicker72
    Mar 22, 2016 at 12:28
  • Does Beis Din bring it?
    – DonielF
    Aug 19, 2016 at 18:16

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