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Inspired by a good question asked here that did not receive any serious answers.

Are there prohibitions (under mesirah or elsewhere) on turning over a fellow Jew to authorities other than the government, with the expectation that he may receive punishment other than the State's criminal penalties? For example, is one allowed to turn in a cheater to school authorities if doing so may result in his being kicked out of the school?

Related: Loshon hara vs. Honor code

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    Sorry I don't own the seffer to double check so I'm not posting this as an answer, but perhaps this lead can help you. Rabbi Elyashev is quoted in Ashrei HaIsh as saying one may call the mishtara (police) to report neighbors that are disturbing the peace. This is not considered mesira. It's in the section on Yoreh Deah. This of course is not meant as anywhere near helping to make a hallachik decision, just a lead. – user6591 Dec 13 '15 at 0:25
  • @user6591 The police are a government entity. The reason it's not mesirah is because in that case, it may be permitted to tell the authorities. – LN6595 Dec 16 '15 at 17:07
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    I doubt it's mesirah, but it would still be plain ol' Lashon Hara – LN6595 Dec 16 '15 at 17:08
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    Well one more idea is presented by Rabbi Moshe Feinstein where a Jew working for the I.R.S. can turn in a Jewish tax cheat being that it is his job to turn in tax cheats and he didn't take the job originally specifically to find Jewish tax cheats. – user6591 Dec 16 '15 at 23:51
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    @SAH agreed, to a degree. I was pointing out these cases to raise that type of point. Even government agencies are not automatically off the table. – user6591 Dec 17 '15 at 11:04
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Mesirah only applies where a Jew will receive unjust treatment vis-a-vis their Jewishness. I.e. this does not apply to the school cheat.

However if it does not personally affect you this would be assur because of lashon hara which is assur even on something true.

If kicked out of school the person would be able to be toveah you in beis din for damages.

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    sources? [char] – mevaqesh Aug 22 '16 at 2:01

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