In Shmuel II 17:25, it says:

וְאֶת עֲמָשָֹא שָֹם אַבְשָׁלֹם תַּחַת יוֹאָב עַל הַצָּבָא וַעֲמָשָֹא בֶן אִישׁ וּשְׁמוֹ יִתְרָא הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִי אֲשֶׁר בָּא אֶל אֲבִיגַל בַּת נָחָשׁ אֲחוֹת צְרוּיָה אֵם יוֹאָב:

And Amasa, had Absalom set in place of Joab over the host; and Amasa was the son of a man, whose name was Ithra the Israelite, who came to Abigail the daughter of Nahash the sister of Zeruiah, Joab's mother.

Is this speaking about a different Abigail? (and not King David's wife)


Yes. David also had a sister named Abigail/Avigayil (I Chronicles 2:15). That Abigail was Amasa's mother, making Amasa David's nephew.

  • Was this a sister from Yishai or from a different man? This is so confusing. – TheTribeOfJudah Dec 9 '15 at 2:55
  • @TheTribeOfJudah From Chronicles, it sounds like from Yishai to me. – Double AA Dec 9 '15 at 2:57
  • So then was Yishai Nahash. and if that is the case is this the same Nahash of Ammon? – TheTribeOfJudah Dec 9 '15 at 2:58
  • @TheTribeOfJudah judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/ask – msh210 Dec 9 '15 at 3:06
  • The Talmud (BB 17a) says his name was Yishai and he was called Nachash bc he was such a Tzaddik that he was only killed bc of the sin of Adam and Eve and the snake (ie that everyone has to die, even those who don't sin). – Double AA Dec 9 '15 at 16:19

In addition to what @DoubleAA said about this Avigail being the sister of Dovid. The sefer Ishay HaTanach by Yishai Chasidah (Shaar Press - 1994) p. 13 notes that Yerushalmi Yevamos 8:3 helps provide more in the way of family background:

Yisra the Israelite (II Samuel 17:25) was born an Ishmaelite. He entered the court of Yishai (father of David) and found him sitting and expounding the verse "Turn to me and you will be saved, all [you who are at] the ends of the earth" (Isaiah 45:22). Upon hearing this, Yisra became a proselyte and Yishai gave him his daughter (Avigail) in marriage.

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