My understanding of the tradition of the Vilna Gaon (whose tradition is followed in Israel) with respect to shir shel yom is that every day has exactly one shir shel yom. For example, during Hanukkah, the shir is Psalm 30 and on Rosh Hodesh it's Psalm 104 instead of the regular shir shel yom.

So my question is on Rosh Hodesh Tevet (which is also Hanukkah), what is the shir according to this tradition?


2 Answers 2


Maaseh Rav 157 (a work documenting the practices of the Vilna Gaon) records the answer according to the tradition you ask about:

אין אומרים שיר של יום של יומו ואומרים במקומו בב' ימים דר"ח ברכי נפשי (מזמור ק"ד) שהוא שיר של ר"ח ודוחה אפי' של שבת ופשיטא של חנוכה
[On Rosh Chodesh] the Song of the Day for that day [of the week] is not said, and in its place is said on both days of Rosh Chodesh "Barkhi Nafshi" (Psalm 104), for it is the song of Rosh Chodesh. And it even pushes off [the song] of Shabbat, and obviously [that] of Chanukkah. (my translation)

  • Why is it obvious? It seems inconsistent with the preference for Maftir/Haftorah.
    – Yishai
    Dec 17, 2015 at 2:51
  • @Yishai I am not the Gra to answer for him, but I can note that relegating Chanukkah to Maftir instead of Shvii (on Shabbat/R"Ch) is probably indicative of the superiority of R"Ch that it gets a real Aliyah (and 3 Aliyot on a weekday). (judaism.stackexchange.com/a/66181/759 is counter to that a little bit)
    – Double AA
    Dec 17, 2015 at 3:00

The popular sidur "תפלת כל פה" has a list of all the red-letter days' daily psalms. It says that 104 is said on rosh chodesh Teves (and also on Shabas rosh chodesh, by the way).

  • Does this Siddur claim to follow the traditions of the Vilna Gaon in this matter? Does it, for instance, mention that 30 is not recited on R"Ch Tevet?
    – Double AA
    Dec 15, 2015 at 20:31
  • @DoubleAA, it does indicate that 30 is not said on rosh chodesh Teves. I don't recall whether it claims to follow the tradition of the gaon (and don't have it at hand. I'll try to remember to check).
    – msh210
    Dec 15, 2015 at 22:11

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