I'm going to use the recent conviction of Sheldon Silver as an example.
Synopsis / Context (esp. since the above link may become a "cobweb" link:
Silver, a 71-year-old veteran lawmaker who was once one of the most powerful politicians in the state, was found guilty of honest-services fraud, extortion and money-laundering for trading political favors to enrich himself and then lying about it.
He now faces a maximum of 130 years behind bars, although under federal sentencing guidelines, he will likely get no more than 20 years.
Since Sheldon Silver is Jewish, he probably caused a public Chilul Hashem. Many people will likely point to the fact that he is a corrupt Jew and will state that this is common Jewish behavior.
Lets say Mr. Silver gets a long jail sentence. Few will know what he is doing while he is in jail. How could he attempt to repair his reputation to the public so that they can see that he is trying to correct his sin?