I can see that the Hebrew is Elul 775 to Tishrei 776. What are those marks prior to the Hay and the Vav?



1 Answer 1


They are a Gershayim, a Hebrew diacritic used in a number of ways, but generally to indicate that a certain set of letters does not spell a word in the ordinary sense. In this case, it is used to indicate that the letters are to be taken as numerals.

  • Why are there two? Why are they before the last letter in each case, but only one after the Bet in Adar Bet? Thanks for your help.
    – MathAdam
    Commented Sep 18, 2015 at 5:41
  • 3
    @AdamHrankowski For single letter instances, a Geresh is generally used instead with generally the same effect.
    – Double AA
    Commented Sep 18, 2015 at 5:42
  • @AdamHrankowski As you noted in your question, the years listed are 775 and 776. If you wanted to say 5776 (the current year), many write ה'תשע"ו, with the ה' representing 5000 years. (Sometimes people also write תשע"ו לפ"ק\תשע"ו לפרק קטן)
    – MTL
    Commented Sep 18, 2015 at 11:26
  • 1
    DoubleAA, re your comment: It's not so much single- versus multiple-letter (though that's true for numbers) as truncation versus other abbreviation. Thus, מיי׳ and וכו׳. cc @AdamHrankowski
    – msh210
    Commented Sep 18, 2015 at 13:03
  • 1
    @AdamHrankowski, I would encourage you to ask additional questions.
    – Seth J
    Commented Sep 18, 2015 at 13:28

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