Have heard a few older mizrahi recordings for qiddush and am noticing that some of them use borei f'ri hagefen. When i looked up Qiddush in my Egyptian siddur (Farhi Siddur) i noticed the Pei had no dagesh. It makes sense to me grammatically that it would be f'ri as the Borei ends with an aleph, and usually that removes the dagesh from the word that follows. Anyone have any sources? Or have access to ancient siddurim with nekkudoth to see if they put the dagesh in the pei or not?

Update: I've now collected an older Livorno siddur that also has f'ri, as well as Yemenite siddurim that all have f'ri. So this seems to be consistent amongst older non Ashkenazi communities.

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    It would make sense to have the Dagesh, because Borei is on a pause. It's not "borei-fri, hagafen". It's "borei, peri-hagafen". (ROY has a teshuva about this IINM.)
    – Double AA
    Commented Sep 13, 2015 at 1:50
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    teimonim say faree Commented Sep 13, 2015 at 2:04
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    @DoubleAA If bore is a noun, "the creator of", then it's got s'michus and there should be a fe. If it's a verb, "Who creates", then not. Afaict.
    – msh210
    Commented Sep 13, 2015 at 2:24
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    @Aaron Taamim are just reflecting natural grammar and syntax.
    – Double AA
    Commented Sep 13, 2015 at 3:36
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    @DoubleAA Right, but if it's natural grammar and syntax, how can you have mizrahi communities (such as yemenites or Egyptians or Iraqis) going "there is a natural lack of pause here." And Ashkenazim going "there is a natural pause here." It doesn't make sense to me?
    – Aaron
    Commented Sep 13, 2015 at 3:51

1 Answer 1


There is halakhic justification for the custom of vocalizing a stress-less feri as a more grammatically correct way of saying the blessing. In his responsa Or Letzion, (vol. 2, chapter 46, halakha 34), the Sephardic rabbi, Ben Tzion Abba Shaul (1924-1998), wrote:

יותר מדוקדק לומר בורא פרי הגפן וכן בורא פרי העץ ובורא פרי האדמה כשהאות פ' של המילה פרי רפויה

שכן אותיות בג״ד כפ״ת אחר אותיות אהו״י רפויות הן. ואין לומר שיש הפסק בורא לפרי, שהרי המילה בורא אין לה משמעות בפני עצמה, ועל כרחך שהמילה פרי נמשכת אחר המילה בורא, ואם היה זה פסוק בתורה, הטעמים היו מאריך טרחא סוף פסוק

It is more accurate to say borei feri hagefen and also borei feri ha-etz and borei feri ha-adamah with the letter peh of the word as a stress-less feri.

This is because, grammatically, the letters bet, gimmel, dalet, kaf, peh, and tav, when following the letters alef heh vav and yud become stress-less. And it is not right to say that there is a pause between borei and peri, since the word borei [the Creator of] doesn't have a meaning by itself, as it is necessary for the word feri [fruit] to continue after the word borei to make sense. And if it was a verse in the Torah, the cantillation would be a ma'arikh tarḥa sof pasuq.

It should be stated that the custom for many Sepharadim is to still say peri with a stressed peh. R. Ovadia (Yabia Omer, O.Ḥ. 9:22) specifically countered the position of Or Letzion, stating that, grammatically, there should be a stressed peh because there actually is a brief pause between the two words in the blessing. The grammatical rule applies to words joined by context. Among other proofs that he uses from Tanakh, he cites a very similar parallel in the vocalization of Gen. 1:11, where a peh follows a heh (which should normally make it stress-less):

עֹשֶׂה פְּרִי לְמִינוֹ

'oseh peri le-mino

Moreover, R. Ovadia goes on to say that the grammatical rule above is not so firm:

ובכלל נראה שהכלל של אהו"י הסמוכות לבג"ד כפ"ת שעושות אותן רפויות, אינו כלל החלטי, ופעמים רבות שדוחים כלל זה מפני סיבות אחרות מוצדקות

In any case, it doesn't seem like the rule of the letters alef heh vav and yud in connection with the bet gimmel dalet kaf peh and tav to make the latter stress-less --is actually a decisive rule, as there are plenty of times when that rule is rejected for other justifiable reasons.

R. Ovadia then proceeds to list various other occurrences when the rule is not followed (e.g., mi khamokhah ba-'elim Hashem, mi kamokha ne'edar ba-qodesh) to dismantle the stringency of the grammatical rule.

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    Rav Ovadia is mistaken, if accurately represented. The dagesh in the phrase עֹשֶׂה פְּרִי is not due to a slight pause, but rather a dagesh chazak due to the words being connected (called אתי מרחיק)
    – Double AA
    Commented Jun 9, 2021 at 21:28
  • Thank you for the sources!
    – Aaron
    Commented Jun 9, 2021 at 21:45
  • There are plenty of verses with a participle that "doesn't have a meaning by itself" coming on a mafsiq. Even a few with בורא: Isaiah 40:28 and 57:19.
    – magicker72
    Commented Jun 9, 2021 at 21:47
  • @DoubleAA ועץ עושה "פרי" אשר זרעו בו למינהו, אות פ' דגושה. וכתב במנחת שי שם שהטעם שהם בדגש, הראשון מדין מפסיק ואתי מרחיק, והשני מדין דחיק שהוא במקף
    – Aryeh
    Commented Jun 9, 2021 at 22:52
  • @Aryeh I made an edit to your answer that I think is closer to what you were trying to say/closer to the Hebrew. Let me know if you disagree
    – Aaron
    Commented Jun 10, 2021 at 17:07

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