What is Neitz and why is it important? My inspiration: http://mekubal.wordpress.com/2011/03/14/at-long-last/#comments

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    What is Neitz and why is it important? – Double AA Jan 12 '14 at 1:35

Netz is a misnomer for hanetz, i.e. hanetz hachama, sunrise. It's important as the earliest or best time l'chatchila to do various mitzvos, and as a marker used in computing other z'manim.

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    In particular, the Gemara (Berachos 9b based on Psalms 72:5) says that the ideal time to start saying the Shemoneh Esrei is at hanetz. – Alex Mar 16 '11 at 3:34
  • @msh, if a mitzva is a night mitzva, it should be completed by midnight, and MUST be completed by dawn ("alos/amud hashachar"), sunrise is too late. It's the day mitzvas that should ideally be done at sunrise or later, but could in a pinch be done starting at dawn. This raises the interesting question -- if the ideal time for Shemoneh Esrei is at sunrise, doesn't that mean you'd be saying Shema just before sunrise (which is okay but less than ideal)? – Shalom Mar 17 '11 at 12:27
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    @Shalom, about your last point: Shema is different than most daytime mitzvos, since it depends on ובקומך - בשעה שבני אדם עומדים. People used to start their workday at (or near) sunrise, so naturally they'd have to wake up earlier. – Alex Mar 18 '11 at 22:03
  • Which is why an oneis can say "night" shema after amud hashachar until hanetz, even though halachically it is day. Acc. to some, one may lechatechila say both shema's during this time (others diagree, but only on the basis of tarti d'sasrei). – YDK Mar 22 '11 at 19:21
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    @Ze'evFelsen , msh210 : see comments here regarding the correct grammar. – Double AA Jan 11 '12 at 5:36

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