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There are many dates in the Jewish calendar that are connected to agricultural events. They include:

  • Shavuot is Chag Ha'Katzir, the Holiday of the Harvest - Shemot 23:16
  • Sukkot is Chag Ha'Assif, the Holiday of ingathering of crops - Shemot 23:16
  • 15h of Shvat (1st of Shevat according to Beit Shamai) is the new year for trees - Rosh Hashanah 2a
  • 1st of Elul is the New Year for Animal Tithe - Rosh Hashanah 2a

Is there a list of all the agriculturally significant dates on the Jewish Calendar? A brief explanation of what happened on those days would also be great. For example, was Shavuot the beginning, middle, or end of the Harvesting?

  • Note normative Halacha rejects the last opinion you mention about 1 Elul. – Double AA Aug 12 '15 at 8:35
  • Perhaps start a CW answer with the ones you already know. – msh210 Aug 12 '15 at 12:02
  • @msh210: Done. Please add anything you'd like. Even just dates, I'll look them up and add more information. – Menachem Aug 13 '15 at 3:16
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Tishre

  • 1st of Tishre - The new year for animal tithes -- Animals born in one year do not combine with animals born the following year - Rambam, Hilchot Bechorot 7:6
  • 10th of Tishre - Shofar was blown on the 10th of Tishre on a Yovel Year to signal the freeing of the slaves - Vayikra 25:9

  • 15th of Tishre - Chag Ha'Asif -- Celebrating the ingathering of the crops -- see Shemot 23:16 -- Rashi on the verse: For during the entire summer, the grain dries out in the fields, and on the festival [of Succoth], they gather it into the house because of the rains [that are about to fall].

Cheshvan

  • 7th of Cheshvan - those living in Israel begin requesting rain by adding “Veten Tal U’Matar” to their Shmone Esre prayers.
  • 17th of Cheshvan - If no rain has fallen by the 17th, a drought is feared and ritual fasting ans special prayer begins. -- Source: OU Article

Kislev

Tevet

Shevat

  • 15th of Shevat - New Year for Trees (Rosh Hashanah 2a) - From here: Tradition teaches the new year for fruit begins on the fifteenth of Shevat, because most of the winter rains will have passed and the sap of the new growth has begun to flow: the dormant tree is waking from its winter sleep. A tree that blossoms before Tu B'Shevat is considered last year's produce; if it blossoms after Tu B'Shevat, it belongs to the new year.

Adar

Nissan

  • 16th of Nissan - Omer offering. Barley grown in the previous year was now permitted to eat. -- commencement of barley harvest

Iyar

Sivan

  • 6th of Sivan - Chag Habikurim. Earliest one could bring the First Fruits Offering (Mishna Bikurim 1:3). Two loaves of bread were offered in the Temple, and new wheat now became permitted to be used in sacrifices (Rashi Shemot 23:16)

Tammuz

Av

Elul

  • Better, more authoritative sources would be greatly appreciated – Menachem Aug 13 '15 at 3:13
  • @aryeh suggest that the 15th of Av was the beginning of the grape harvest: judaism.stackexchange.com/a/61461/603 -- Any source for this idea? – Menachem Aug 13 '15 at 6:29

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