# Liability for stealing one shoe

Suppose Alice has a pair of shoes, worth \$100. Bob steals one of the shoes and destroys it. Setting aside any special penalties, If Bob is caught and found liable, does he have to pay Alice back \$50 for the one shoe, \$100, because he has deprived her of use of both shoes, or some other amount?

• One shoe alone is not worth half a pair. Presumably the beit din would have to evaluate what one shoe alone is worth and deduct it from the full value of a pair of shoes. Jun 15, 2015 at 2:51
• (i.e. how much a single, unmatched shoe is worth for resale.) Jun 15, 2015 at 2:52
• One shoe could be useful for Chalitza, something to think about Jun 15, 2015 at 4:55
• Boaz also removed a shoe as part of an acquisition to redeem Kiliyon's field. Jun 15, 2015 at 11:29
• If Alice were an old lady, then they may have stolen her house. Then, of course, they would evaluate paying off her mortgage!
– DanF
Jun 15, 2015 at 14:31

## 2 Answers

The sefer Shaarei Daas on Bava Kama says that to destroy one shoe is not considered as damage to the other shoe, for the lack of one shoe does not destroy or maintain the viability of the second shoe. Rather, that one is unable to use the second shoe, but that is not called damage that one is culpable to pay damages for, rather the damager must pay for just the value of the one shoe that was destroyed.

In the Sefer Mishpatei Hatorah this issue is discussed at length and offers this possibility:

לפיכך היה מקום לומר בנידון דנן, שמכיון שפעולת הנזק היתה רק בנעל אחת, וההפסד שנגרם לנעל השניה שנשארה שלמה נעשה רק ממילא, לפיכך יתחייב המזיק לשלם רק לפי שווי הנעל היחידה שהזיק, דהיינו מחצית ממה שהיה שווה זוג הנעלים לפני פעולת הנזק.

Since the damage is only a grama, by destroying one shoe, memeilah the second shoe becomes unusable, it is only considered a grama, and for hezek, dina degarmi is patur, therefore, the mazik is only obligated to pay for the shoe that was destroyed.

See there for further discussion.

This issue is discussed as well in a Kovetz called Tzohar (צהר) volume 7 by Rav Yishaya Rottenberg the current Rav of the Gr"a shul in Bayit V'gan entitled מזיק נעל אחת

He quotes a haskama of the Shoel Umeishiv to a sefer called Divrei Geonei where this question is discussed.

As well as the sefer Shu"t Teshuras Shai (תרלט).

• teshuvas shai or teshuras shai? Jun 17, 2015 at 20:26
• ...I dont know. I was heard Teshuvas by a chashuve rov. Although I may have misheard him Jun 17, 2015 at 20:27
• I don't claim to know every sefer, but I've never heard of shu"t teshuvas shai. Jun 17, 2015 at 20:28
• What makes more sense? Jun 17, 2015 at 20:28
• Well... Erech Shai is really R' Tabak's central work on Choshen Mishpat, but Teshuras Shai is on daled chelkei Sh"A, so it is still possible. Jun 17, 2015 at 20:30

He should pay the price of a pair of shoes as by stealing one he has rendered the other uselss. Ex 22 says if a person steals they should restore double so 2 pairs of shoes. Ex 22.14 The onus is on the thief to make good Lev 19.11 says don't steal and don't deal falsely. By only offering to pay for one shoe you are dealing falsely as you know the man can't walk around in one shoe

• Ratsone100, welcome to Mi Yodeya! Your dealing-falsely reasoning for requiring the thief to pay for two shoes is difficult to accept, since it would seem to provide equal basis for opposing any ruling that you happen to disagree with and therefore consider "false." Can you cite a precedent for the application of this law in this way? The double-payment you mention is the type of "special penalty" I asked to set aside for the purpose of this question, as the conditions under which that fine applies present complications that are separate from the question at hand. Jun 16, 2015 at 13:52