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My shul newsletter misprinted candle lighting times this week --- instead of 8:01, it listed 7:48. This leads me to 2 questions:

If I light candles at 7:48 because I think that that is the right time for shabbos, is it still considered that I added to shabbos (tosefes shabbos)? This site indicates that there has to be some sort of awareness of the acceptance l'shem the mitzvah of tosefes shabbos (citing

Tosefes Shabbos 261:13; Tehillah l'David 263:8-10; Chelkas Yoav 30; Mishmeres Shalom 26:2; Mishnah Berurah 261:21 (as understood by Shoneh Halachos 261:3; Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 46:2; Az Nidberu 1:1). See Ritva Rosh Hashanah 9a as a possible source.)

But I have kavannah to accept shabbos fully -- the article cited says that the kavannah for tosefes shabbos could be shown simply through candle lighting. Can I get the "credit" when I have no awareness that I am fulfilling the particular mitzvah but I am intentionally fulfilling a related one?

This last point calls forth whether I, as the guy making the shul bulletin can intentionally publish a wrong (too early) time so that everyone in shul gets a schar without trying or knowing about it. There is kavannah to perform the mitzvah of candles/shabbos but not (necessarily) tosefes shabbos.

Is the mitzvah progressive? Do I get more reward for starting even earlier? If I am already getting credit for lighting 18 minutes before sunset, is there any additional credit for lighting 30 minutes early? How early should I mislead people into lighting?

I know that this is too many questions, but they are interwoven and contingent so I'm not sure how to divide them.

  • If candle lighting time is already 18 minutes before, aren't you having Tosefes Shabbos in mind? You mean if you intend to do 18 minutes but instead do 31? Why do you think that would be significant? – Yishai May 29 '15 at 15:20
  • @Yishai that's part of question two, whether it is a progressively increasing mitzvah. But if I misprint in the bulletin that CLT is 7:43 and my wife is late and lights at 8:01, she THINKS that she no longer gets tosefes shabbos and only the kavannah of shabbos, but in truth I have secured tosefes shabbos for her because in truth she is still 18 minutes early! – rosends May 29 '15 at 15:27
  • AFAIK, Tosfos Shabbos (by like 2 or 4 minutes) is not optional - it is a requirement. But anyway, the scenario in your comment is different than the question. As to "progressive Mitzvah", I suspect that it is more Mehudar, if anything, not necessarily a separate Mitzvah for every minute. – Yishai May 29 '15 at 15:30
  • the scenario in my comment is an extension, depending on the answer to the questions as asked (whether one needs to have a specific type of kavannah within a larger kavannah) – rosends May 29 '15 at 15:33
  • I just find the question confusing - trying to point out where. Perhaps you will find ways to clarify the question (or not, it isn't always so simple to do). – Yishai May 29 '15 at 15:35

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