There is a prohibition of throwing out bread in larger quantities than a k'zayit (olive-size) if it is still fit for human consumption (see Orach Chayim 180:3; Regarding if it is no longer fit for human consumption, see Beis Baruch on Chayei Adam 45:22, cited here). Similarly, one is not supposed to feed bread fit for human consumption to animals or birds. If one knows the bread will not be eaten, according to Rav Y.S. Elyashiv and Rav Y.Y. Fisher (oral ruling quoted in V'zos, cited here) one should seal the bread in a bag and throw it out in a respectful manner that keeps it technically fit for human consumption. With regard to crumbs, Rabbi Jack Abramowitz of the O-U rules that (for metaphysical reasons) it is preferable to feed them to birds than to just throw them out (presumably, without sealing them). Chayei Adam and Beis Baruch 45:5 (as cited here) permit feeding bread to animals/birds if it will likely never be eaten by humans (regardless of size and actual edibleness). Are these viewpoints all in agreement? If so, is it preferable to throw out bread sealed in a bag or to feed it to birds/animals?

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    Isn't there a general rule that one must feed his animals BEFORE he feeds himself? What if the bread is fit for human consumption but it's the only thing available to feed his animals? Also, are there different rulings if they are your own ducks or public ducks in the lake?
    – DanF
    May 11 '15 at 14:58
  • @DanF The Torah.org site I linked said that many authorities do allow feeding human food to animals if there isn't animal food available (see Machatzis ha-Shekel 171:1, Mishnah Berurah 171:11 and Ketzos ha- Shulchan 39:30).
    – Loewian
    May 11 '15 at 15:01
  • Clarification To Question: Feeding crumbs to birds isn't metaphysically connected to one's livelihood. Not throwing away crumbs is. This is what the link says. In that link, without a source, the Rabbi in the article permits feeding the crumbs to the birds.
    – Meuchedet
    Aug 26 '19 at 8:04

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