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According to many religious Zionist poskim, there is a special dispensation to allow music on 5 Iyar/Yom HaAtzma'ut. Is there a discussion at all in contemporary religious Zionist rabbinic writings regarding shaving and/or getting haircuts on 5 Iyar (whether officially Yom HaAtzmaut or when the official commemoration was earlier])? Is there a potential distinction made when 5 Iyar falls out on Friday (as this year [5775]) a la the leniencies regarding haircutting/shaving on Fridays more generally)?

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R' Eliezer Melamed discusses this in the Zmanim volume of פניני הלכה.

He writes that the generally accepted approach to all of the minhagim of avielut of the omer is to be lenient with those things which would actually reduce the simcha of the day. For example, forbidding music and dancing would reduce the simcha so those are muttar but not allowing weddings wouldn't really make any difference so weddings remains assur.

Accordingly, he says that those who would usually shave before a chag or such like ought to shave before Yom Ha'atzmaut while only someone who looks dishevelled should have a haircut beforehand. On the day itself however, even someone who looks fine can have a haircut.

You can find the entire series of פניני הלכה at http://ph.yhb.org.il. The place where he discusses this particular issue can be found at http://ph.yhb.org.il/05-04-11/. You can find the various opinions he is basing himself off in the footnoes there.

(Note: He makes no distinctions between whether Yom Ha'atzmaut falls on 5th Iyar or not. Earlier in the book, he discusses the conditions and details under which it is nidcheh (most years) and compares it to when Purim is nidcheh. As far as I can tell, everything he writes is equally applicable to when it falls on 5th Iyar or otherwise.)

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    Based on the reasoning you present, I don't understand why someone who looks fin can have a haircut on the day nor why anyone can shave beforehand (as, unlike regular Yom Tov, you can shave at night).
    – Double AA
    Commented Apr 26, 2015 at 1:45
  • @DoubleAA Neither do I. For some reason, he thinks that the simcha of the day is מבטל this aspect of aveilut though I agree that I don't understand why this would be any different to weddings.
    – Meh
    Commented Apr 26, 2015 at 6:44
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It’s really simple - there is no mourning as the day is recognized as being Kodesh to the extent that Yidden got back Eretz Israel… and thus you go into it like a Chag clean shaven if you regularly shave however you don’t need to take a haircut unless you look inappropriate….. but on the day itself you can take a haircut as there in no mourning at this point! As for weddings it’s not a sign of mourning to not have a wedding so not making one is not a בזיון for the day…. Furthermore no one makes a wedding on a Chag אין מערבין שמחה בשמחה

P.s. possibly due to the difference of shaving not being a major and thus happy occurrence is done erev the day of Chag whereas a haircut is a deeper level of simcha can only be done on the day when there is no mourning

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    Welcome to MiYodeya David and thanks for this first answer. Since MY is different from other sites you might be used to, see here for a guide which might help understand the site. See in particular the focus on sourcing your answers since no one knows you. Great to have you learn with us!
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    Commented May 12 at 14:36

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