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It is known that the Sefer Halakhoth Gedholoth codifies that since only the descendants of Aharon HaKohen were strictly commanded regarding netilath yadhayim with a keli, it is therefore enough for a yisrael to simply immerse their hands/fingers in a vessel containing water without the need to pour it over the hands.

I have also read that in a sha^ath ha-dohaq one may use a faucet to wash before prayer.

Are there any other sources from Geonim or Rishonim that permit washing for prayer without the use of a keli? Are there sources that discuss the difference in obligations for washing as they apply to a kohen or a yisrael?

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    "It is known that ..." by whom? Where? – Tamir Evan Mar 31 '15 at 17:23
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    Ithere seems like you are asking about teffilah,but you also bring reasons for washing for bread? The first washing in the morning has three reasons,the Rosh,Rashba, and the Zohar (Rauch raah) for bread we do it because of serach tumah,so which are you asking? – sam Mar 31 '15 at 18:04
  • possible dupe judaism.stackexchange.com/q/79306/759 – Double AA Feb 4 '17 at 23:44
  • See this post may be that the answer to your question is entirely included in it. – kouty Feb 5 '17 at 1:23
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Washing for bread, or for Tefilla? Bread is more stringent, but tefilla would seem to be fine from a tap.

Sources (Based on Beis Yosef OC 4:22)

Rosh (Brachos 9:23) writes that netilas yadayim of shacharis (which he himself rules is for the purpose of tefilla) does not need a kli.

Mordechai (Brachos 192) and Ran (Chulin 37b [dapei HaRif]) also write that a kli is not necessary in the morning.

[I presume that this would apply to all other tefillos, as at least part of the morning washing is to prepare for shacharis, even according to the Rashba.]

Rashba (Teshuvos 1:191) writes that only netilas yadayim of shacharis needs a kli, as it is "like a Kohen washing". Other tefillos do not need.

The only source I have found who would require a kli for tefilla is the Gra* (Bi'ur HaGra OC 4:7) who comments that lechatchila a kli should be used for tefilla, not just in the morning. However, the simple reading of the Shulchan Aruch there, and the Beis Yosef himself, imply that only the morning has such a halacha, in order to fulfill lechatchila the opinion of the Rashba mentioned above.

*I know, not a Rishon...

  • the question sought "sources from Geonim or Rishonim" – Double AA Feb 4 '17 at 23:27
  • @DoubleAA, SA isn't a Rishon? – AKA Feb 5 '17 at 20:40
  • That's debatable. Plus MB definitely isn't – Double AA Feb 5 '17 at 20:41
  • @DoubleAA, true... I was just quoting him for clarification. Suppose you're right though. – AKA Feb 5 '17 at 21:04
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For netila before prayer of Mincha or Arvit, nobody seems to require a keli.

For netila see SA OC 4, 18. see Kaf Hachayim. Several cases needs threefold netila but the Kaf Hachayim sk 61 in namyof Eliahou Rabba says that there is no need of keli (but I understand that we need Koach gavra). See Shaare Teshuva sk 12 who mentioned also threefold but not Keli.

In conclusion keli for netilat Yadaym of meal only is a duty; for netilat yadaym of shacharit lechatechilla, and for the last prayers , even lechatechilla no keli. Several cases needs threefold netila and coach gavra but not keli. Keli for morning prayer is in Shut Harashba (for details see this post which cites also Rabenu Yerucham and the Rosh against the opinion of the Rashba), 3 fold for the last cases is in Acharonim.

All the Rishonim cited in Bet Yosef (OC 4) didn't require keli for Mincha and Arvit. All this Rishonim except the Rashba didn't require a keli for tefilat shacharit.

  • @mevaqesh Is your comment obsolete? There are a number of Rishonim mentioned in this post which seem to directly address the question – Double AA Mar 9 '17 at 3:45

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