I'm looking for a good book on dikduk for strictly loshon hakodesh (for studying tanach and talmud) . Any suggestions? in english preferably
My preferance is ספר דקדוקי שי by הר' שמואל מנדלבוים.
It's in Hebrew and introduces you step-by-step to Loshon Hakodesh's grammar.
Full disclosure: The author is my brother's brother-in-law.
I find it useful, but it will mostly help you with Tanach, Talmud takes longer time since include aramaic and mishnaic hebrew as well.
I have found the Sefer מפתח הדלת to be extremely helpful, organized, and clear. It is in Hebrew.
For English, Rabbi Azriel Hauptman, a son-in-law of Rabbi Yosef Tendler ztz”l, used to teach a class on Dikduk at Ner Yisroel in Baltimore. He may be able to send you a PDF of the booklet he made for that.
For Aramaic grammar, “Grammar for Gemara and Targum Onkelos” by Yitzhak Frank is very helpful. However, I have found that a solid foundation in Hebrew grammar is necessary to fully appreciate the Aramaic.
A good English introductory companion is
Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar by Page H Kelley - It is very comprehensive and brings numerous examples in Tanach to demonstrate the various grammatical elements.
The Google Books review reads as follows:
Comprehensive in scope, this carefully crafted introductory grammar of Biblical Hebrew offers easy-to-understand explanations, numerous biblical illustrations, and a wide range of imaginative, biblically based exercises. According to Page Kelley, his book is "designed not so much for seasoned travelers as for those who are just starting out on a strange and wonderful journey."
The book consists of thirty-one lessons arranged as follows: the nonverbal aspects of the language (lessons 1-10); the verb forms and their functions, with special attention to the strong verbs (lessons 11-20); the coordinate relationship of verbs, a topic alluded to but seldom developed in other grammars (lesson 21); and a comprehensive introduction to each of the ten classes of weak verbs (lessons 22-31). The grammar is accompanied by eleven complete verb charts, an extensive vocabulary list, a glossary of grammatical terms, and a subject index.
Kelley employs a method that one reviewer has described as a cross between a straight presentation of grammatical principles and rules and a semi-inductive presentation of concepts through the exercises. Each lesson first presents new grammatical concepts, with biblical examples, and then provides reinforcing exercises that Kelley has judiciously selected from the biblical text (the exercises do not presuppose vocabulary and grammar not already covered).
Deriving from the author's forty years of experience in teaching Biblical Hebrew to seminary students, and enthusiastically employed in its developing stages by instructors at a variety of colleges and seminaries, Kelley's Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar promises to be an excellent teaching tool with high potential as a textbook. Kelly has designed it for use in either a one-semester or a two-semester course.