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On the premise that one who accepts the Torah as Moses delivered it to us from Mount Sinai, and considering that Islam considers the Tanach as a holy book, can one accept Muhammad as a prophet and remain Jewish?

In addition to the Torah, we include works after Moses such as Neviim and Ktuvim in the Tanach. Why might someone / some sect not accept the Quran as well? Even during and after the time of the rise of Islam did the Jews add to the store of holy books, ie Gamara and Talmud.

I understand that the Jews originally rejected Muhammad as a prophet due to his campaign for political control. However that seems to be a technical rejection, not a philosophical rejection.

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    Doesn't matter what I think. Are you suggesting that so long as one refrains from eating camel, he can believe in Muhammad and still be Jewish? – dotancohen Mar 23 '15 at 1:49
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    I'm suggesting that anyone who tells you the two books are compatible doesn't know what each contains. That's all that needs to be said here. No you can't be Muslim and Jewish. – Double AA Mar 23 '15 at 1:55
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    I'm not sure what you mean by "remain Jewish," but here are some possible duplicates: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/33467 judaism.stackexchange.com/q/29341 judaism.stackexchange.com/q/28825. Also related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/28694 and judaism.stackexchange.com/q/26745. – Fred Mar 23 '15 at 2:01
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    @dotancohen It's not just a few actions. It's a philosophy that two contradictory texts are both Divine. – Double AA Mar 23 '15 at 2:28
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    Islam teaches that the torah that God gave us at Sinai is somehow corrupt, and Islam rewrites parts of it (e.g. to say that it was Yismael who was almost offered on Moriah). Further, as I understand it, Islam considers Jesus to be a prophet, while we do not. And, of course, Muhammad is not. So there are rather a few important differences; one professing faith in both Islam and Judaism must either be unaware of such problems or willing to ignore them, and in neither religion is the latter OK as best I understand. – Monica Cellio Mar 23 '15 at 4:08
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There are two questions here: the one you asked and the one you intended to ask. To answer the question that you asked, even if someone accepts Mohammad as a prophet, he remains Jewish. Nothing can remove a person's Jewishness. Once one is Jewish, he is Jewish forever, no matter how many sins he commits.

In response to the question you intended to ask, believing in Mohammad as a prophet and believing in Judaism are incompatible. It is impossible for a prophet to change the commandments in the Torah. If someone tries to do that, it proves that he is a false prophet. As is mentioned in the comments on the question, the Quran as revealed by Mohammad permits eating camel. Since this is explicitly prohibited in the Torah, it proves that Mohammad is a false prophet. This is just one example of statements in the Quran that contradict the Torah. Each and every one of those contradictions is sufficient to dismiss the possibility of Mohammad's prophethood.

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