Certain families in my shul have the minhag to stand for the entire Lecha Dodi. I asked them why, but they do not know the source of the minhag.
Does anyone know what the source of this minhag is?
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Kovetz Bais Aharon V'Yisrael 66 - page 97 says the source for standing at Lecha Dodi is the Tikunei Shabbos which mentions that one should stand Lekovod Shabbos Kodesh while saying the Lecha Dodi. It is also mentioned in Kitzur H'shla.
They go on to mention that the Sar Shalom M'Belz said that when Rabbi Shlomo Alkabatz composed the Lecha Dodi he requested that people stand while saying it.
The Aderet Rav Eliyahu David Rabinowitz-Teomim basing himself on the Gemara in Bava Kama 32b and in Shabbos (119a) implies that the Lecha Dodi should be said while standing. The Gemara says:
:רבי ינאי מתעטף וקאי ואמר בואי כלה בואי כלה
Rav Yanai was "wrapped and standing saying Come queen Come Queen"
ואנו נוהגין לעמוד לעשות דוגמא כמו שמקבל פני אדם גדול. ובאמת הוא תלמוד ערוך בשבת (קיט, א) ר״ח מעטף וקאי אפניא דמעלי שבתא וכו׳. ובב״ק (לב, א) יש קצת שינוי מבשבת שם.
In the Machzor Polin MiKol HaShanah,it says that the first 6 tehillim of Kabollas Shabbos are kneged a different day of the working week, therefore they should be said sitting. Lecha Dodi is kneged Shabbos therefore it says to stand l'kovod Shabbos.