What is the earliest source that indicates that "teiku" (תיקו) references Eliyahu? Any source earlier than the Tosafos Yom Tov who provides an alternative explanation?


2 Answers 2


The earliest source1 seems to be from the ספר הפליאה - ספר הקנה who writes:

ויש פירושים רבים שנעלמו מעיני כל חי ועתיד אליהו הנביא לפרשם וזהו מה שרמזו רז"ל בשבעה מסכתות תיקו "תשבי "יתרץ "קושיות "ובעיות.

1Before 1390, according to linked Wikipedia article

  • were you assuming that it was written in the 15th century? or earlier?
    – mevaqesh
    Feb 10, 2015 at 19:03
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    Zvi, I linked a wikipedia page and added an estimated date accordingly. If you prefer a different source, feel free to edit. +1 Feb 10, 2015 at 19:27
  • @Yez the date of authorship is unknown some think that it was authored largely or partly in the 15th century. see here.
    – mevaqesh
    Feb 10, 2015 at 19:28
  • @mevaqesh assuming this particular part was of the later, still precedes Tishbi by at least a century. Feb 10, 2015 at 19:33
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    @mevaqesh Tishbi was not actually written immediately after the author was born. It was written much later in his life. And Pliah may be disputed, but the latest opinions put it in early 15th. As early as 13th. I don't know why you need a confirmed exact year to be a valid source - it is certainly earlier than Tishbi. Feb 10, 2015 at 21:59

Another source earlier than the Tosafos Yom Tov is the work Tishbi by R. Eliya Habachur of the 15th-16th century who disputes the idea here.

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    Thats a pretty harsh commentless downvote of a legitimate answer to the question (even of not the best answer) as it is earlier than the Tosafos Yom Tov
    – mevaqesh
    Feb 10, 2015 at 23:10

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