What is the difference between נצר natzar (keep, gaurd, watch, preserve) and שמר shamar?

Their meaning looks so similar that I would like to know what makes the difference between these two.

(For example in the verse of Tehillim 105:45, Mishlei 2:8, 2:11, 4:6 etc.)

  • Similar: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/11142/5323
    – MTL
    Commented Feb 6, 2015 at 18:09
  • ? That's about goel, could you explain your meaning with this link ?
    – J.Levi
    Commented Feb 6, 2015 at 18:17
  • @J.Levi I didn't see your comment, because I wasn't @pung. I just wanted to point out that if people thought that this was a low-quality question, that there is a similar (very highly voted) question that was asked a while ago, and deemed on-topic.
    – MTL
    Commented Feb 9, 2015 at 14:29

1 Answer 1


Malbim (ביאור המילות) writes on your first cited verse (Tehillim 105:45):

ישמרו, ינצרו. הנוצר גדול מן השומר, והתורות צריכים שמירה יתירה יותר כי הם כוללות גם עקרי האמונה והלמודים

"נצר" is a greater degree of "guarding" than "שמר;" because the תורות need to be guarded more because they also contain the main tenets of our faith and learning.

(my translation)

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .