As described in Ⅰ M'lachim 12 and Ⅱ Divre Hayamim 10, after Sh'lomo's passing, his son, R'chav'am, took the throne. The people immediately demanded a reprieve from Sh'lomo's extremely high taxes. R'chav'am sought the counsel of his elder advisors, who told him to lower taxes. He then sought the counsel of his young advisors, who told him to be strict with the people and threaten them with even higher taxes. R'chav'am followed the younger men's advice, and the people rebelled, splitting off the northern kingdom under Yarov'am.
The G'mara (M'gila 31 amud 2) speaks harshly of R'chav'am for this:
Rabbi Shim'on, son of El'azar, says: If elders tell you "Destroy!" and young men "Build!" — destroy and do not build, for the destruction of elders is building and the building of young men is destruction. And a marker for this is R'chav'am, son of Sh'lomo.
But Sh'lomo's high taxes led to this rebellion too. And they don't seem to have been necessary: M'lachim and Divre Hayamim describe his numerous employees and animals, his lavish home, even the streets of Jerusalem paved literally with silver (according to some commentaries to Ⅱ DH 9:27). Do Chazal speak harshly of Sh'lomo for his high taxes, especially with the hindsight that includes knowing they led to the kingdom division? If so, where and how? If not, why not?