Do Sephardim always follow the words the Mechaber (Maran Yosef Karo) in halakha?
Mekubal, you recently brought a case of the falling talis where the Kaf haChaim says safek brachos lehakel, which is not in line with the Shulchan Aruch who says to make a bracha.
Hacham Ovadia Shelit"a holds (in scattered sources) that we say
"Safek Berachot Neged Maran"- If Maran writes that if you should make a Beracha and two Poskim write that you don't bless we don't follow Maran.
"Sfek Sfeka Neged Maran (Liwyat Hen 42)"- If Maran holds something and there are a lot of Sefekot or different elements surrounding his words we sometimes don't follow him.
"Bimkom Minhag Lo Amrinan Safek Berachot Afilu LeNeged Maran- If Maran writes not to say a Beracha in a case and our Minhag is to say the Beracha we don't follow Maran."
"Im Maran Lo Raa- In some cases we see a Rishon that says something and Maran didn't write or he didn't hold like it, we don't follow Maran because he would have wrote like that Rishon."
There may be more. I just can't remember.