I recall hearing that someone, perhaps R' Yisroel Salanter, said that today we do not know how to respectfully give rebuke, and therefore we are all in the category of onus regarding the mitzvah of tochacha (giving rebuke), as the mitzvah requires giving rebuke in such a way as to not offend or upset the person being rebuked.

Does anyone know if this was said, who said it, and where it can be found?

  • 1
    It seems to be blatantly false, so I'd be rather surprised to see anyone respectable say it seriously. Maybe as an exaggeration to show the importance of being careful, I guess.
    – Double AA
    Jan 5, 2015 at 7:23
  • There is a very different approach not to be mocheh sinners mentioned in the Ramma from rishonim.
    – user6591
    Jan 5, 2015 at 13:38
  • 1
    Perhaps you are thinking of the Chazon Ish, who said that because we can't rebuke correctly today, people aren't regarded as Minim as they once were? (or something like that). If my memory is correct, it isn't quite what you are looking for.
    – Yishai
    Jan 5, 2015 at 13:56
  • @Yishai Source: Chazon Ish YD 2:28. He says that we have to treat wrongdoers and heretics as unrebuked people who operate out of ones, since nowadays we are incapable of providing sufficiently proper rebuke to change their status. (This is not to say a person shouldn't try to correct his fellow, but if the wrongdoer continues in his ways he is still considered unrebuked).
    – Fred
    Jan 5, 2015 at 17:10
  • @DoubleAA Just out of curiosity, what about it seems blatantly false? Jan 5, 2015 at 18:38

1 Answer 1


I have no information regarding whether R' Yisrael Salanter said such a thing but regarding our inability to give tochacha, the gemara in Arachin 16b has the following to say:

מנין לרואה בחבירו דבר מגונה שחייב להוכיחו שנאמר (ויקרא יט, יז) הוכח תוכיח הוכיחו ולא קבל מנין שיחזור ויוכיחנו תלמוד לומר תוכיח מכל מקום יכול אפי' משתנים פניו ת"ל לא תשא עליו חטא תניא א"ר טרפון תמה אני אם יש בדור הזה שמקבל תוכחה אם אמר לו טול קיסם מבין שיניך אמר לו טול קורה מבין עיניך אמר רבי אלעזר בן עזריה תמיהני אם יש בדור הזה שיודע להוכיח

From where do we know that one who sees an objectionable thing in his fellow is obligated to rebuke him? As it is written (Leviticus 19, 17) "you shall surely rebuke". If he rebuked and it wasn't accepted, how do we know that he should return and rebuke? The verse says "surely rebuke", under all circumstances. One might have thought even if his face changes [i.e. you rebuke him in public and he is embarrassed (Rashi)], so the verse teaches "do not bear a sin". We have a teaching: R' Tarfon said "I would be astounded if there is someone in this generation that can accept rebuke; were one to say 'remove the splinter from between your teeth', he would respond 'remove the beam from between your eyes'." R' Elazar ben Azariah said "I would be astounded if there is someone in this generation that knows how to give rebuke"...

The gemara goes on to discuss a couple of stories in which various Rabbis were involved in either giving or not giving rebuke and at which point is one legally exempt from giving rebuke.

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