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We have a few "official" fast days:

  1. Tzom Gedalia – The last Jewish administrator killed and the final Jewish community sent into exile

  2. 10th of Teves – Siege in the time of the 1st Beis Hamikdash

     Taanis Esther - "Only" a long standing custom.

  3. 17th of Tammuz – Destruction of the wall of Jerusalem

  4. 9th of Av – Destruction of the two Batei Hamikdash

Why are there no fast days when the Mishkans were destroyed, when the first group of exiles were sent, or when the Jewish kings became subjugated to Bavel?

  • Especially since from the psukim I believe it seems that most of yehudah was actually exiled before the destruction at galus y'hoyachin – andrewmh20 Dec 28 '14 at 15:22
  • I would suggest the best way to answer this is to look at the Mekoir of the 4 "Beis Hamikdosh" fasts as you mention which is the Possuk in Zechariya Perek 8 Possuk 19 and look in depth at the long Pirush of the Ibn Ezra on that Possuk who indirectly addresses your point and then look at the Malbim. – B.Kahan Apr 2 '18 at 13:21
  • 17th of Tammuz is specifically for the second Beis HaMikdash; the walls were destroyed the first time on the 9th of Tammuz. IIRC while the second Beis HaMikdash stood, they didn't fast over the destruction of the first. Perhaps similarly, once the first Beis HaMikdash was built, we wouldn't mourn over the Mishkan anymore. Further, the Mishkan was designed to be temporary, so it's less of a loss than the Churban Batei Mikdashos, which were designed to be permanent. – DonielF Feb 21 at 1:18
  • @donielF Isn't that a machlokes between the Bavli and Yerushalmi? – Shmuel Brin Feb 21 at 3:43
  • @Shmuel I don't know, is it? – DonielF Feb 21 at 3:43
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We don’t commemorate the destruction of the mishkan because the mishkan was meant to be replaced, and therefore its destruction wasn’t much of a loss. We don’t commemorate the rest of the exiles because, like it says in meseches Megillah (daf 11b) the 70 years of Gallus were counted from the destruction of Jerusalem, possibly because it marks the end of Jewish reign in Israel.

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