The Chazon Ish himself says that this is the common view among Chassidim. Indeed the Baal Shem Tov is well known to have defined it in the way the Chazon Ish says not to. It should be pointed out that the Chazon Ish's characterization is an oversimplification of the view.
In this article, R. Shlomo Brody discusses various sources brought by R. Daniel Stein. R. Stein argues that the opinion that the Chazon Ish argues with is found in many earlier sources (essentially both views are found in Rishonim). R. Brody argues that it starts with the Maharal (and therefore argues that it comes too late to be legitimate, thus justifying the Chazon Ish's categorical rejection), and all earlier readings of the Rishonim by R. Stein are incorrect.
Both seem to ignore the Chovas Halevavos (which is 11th Century) and the Kad HaKemach (from Rabbeinu Bechaya - early 14th century), brought by the Lubavitcher Rebbe here, which are also sources for the view that the Chazon Ish is rejecting.
The link to R. Stein's article isn't working for me, but my understanding is that he brings the Rishonim that would support the Chazon Ish. It is just that R. Brody doesn't name them, as they already agree with his point.