I've seen the custom quoted in many siddurim to recite Psalm 130 (שיר המעלות ממעמקים), with the Ark open, between ישתבח and ברכו during עשרת ימי תשובה. This particular Psalm was chosen because it's very apropos for the time period, since it deals with forgiveness for sins.

Given that, why say it particularly there? Is there something special about that part of davening?

  • Note some recite it before Tachanun.
    – Double AA
    Nov 18 '14 at 5:48
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    @DoubleAA I didn't know that. Where'd you see that? ( personal experience, a specific sefer, etc )
    – MTL
    Nov 18 '14 at 5:50
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    Note: The Vilna Gaon [apparently] didn't approve of this practice. The Yekkes don't do it either. Nov 18 '14 at 14:36
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    @Shokhet - The Gro siddurim all mention not to say it, and the Yekkishe ones don't even acknowledge the custom exists. Nov 19 '14 at 9:29
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    hebrewbooks.org/… is the original source (bottom of the first column). I don't see any explanation for the chosen location (not that I understand any of what is being said).
    – Double AA
    Jul 2 '15 at 17:36

If we want to add this to our prayer this is practically the best place. Before Baruch She'amar is before we start, especially in Nusach Ashkenaz, and would not be an actual part of the prayer. After Shmona Esrei is too late. We can't add it to Birchas Krias Shma and we don't want to add something to Psukei d'Zimra either, being that it is considered a Bracha.

Pesukei d'Zimra is where we recite chapters of Tehillim and so it fits best as being attached to it.

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    We add stuff to Pesukei Dizimra every Saturday morning so that shouldn't be a problem at all, especially bc this is Tehillim. Why is after Shmone Esrei too late? Why not during Tachanun? Is Avinu Malkeinu not part of prayer?
    – Double AA
    Jul 2 '15 at 16:15
  • @DoubleAA, could there perhaps be a difference between adding a set list of tehillim to P"Z on Shabbat and adding a perek just because you like it? Also, the tehillim in P"Z for Shabbat have been part of sidrei tefillah for much longer than Ps. 130, which I've heard was added by talmidei haAri. Jul 2 '15 at 17:10
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    @NoachmiFrankfurt There could be. I don't see any reason to make such a distinction though, considering for example that the MB permits one to say Hallel during PdZ if one is late to Shul. And the extra stuff on Shabbat has not been around that much longer than the Ari. Pesukei Dizimra used to be just (some of) Tehillim 145-150. Everything else is already "extra" because someone liked it.
    – Double AA
    Jul 2 '15 at 17:26
  • @DoubleAA interestingly some Rishonim held that the post-talmudic additions to pesukkei d'zimra constitute a prohibited hefsek. (I remember seeing this in the Sefer HaBatim). He writes that the practice to say them is a mistake.
    – mevaqesh
    Jul 2 '15 at 20:40
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    That's an arbitrary distinction that you just made up. We do add Mizmor leDavid on certain days and certain paragraphs on Shabbatot and Yamim Tovim plus Hoshana Rabba in some places. There's no reason different days can't have extra parts. Not to mention my point above about Hallel.
    – Double AA
    Jul 7 '15 at 2:46

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