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If some man came and claimed to be God, what proofs could you establish from scripture/text that this would not be possible?

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Two explicit verses come to mind:

לא איש אל ויכזב -- "God is not a man that he would lie"
Numbers 23:19

כי לא אדם הוא להנחם -- "For he is not a man that he would change is mind"
1 Samuel 15:29

(My somewhat loose translations)

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    For Numbers 23:19, some people say the point of the verse is to lie, not literally denying be a man. I guess they could use the same logic to undermine the 2nd verse you gave and say the point is not being a man in the literal sense, but not being like a man in terms of lying and changing his mind. – public static Sep 30 '14 at 15:04
  • @publicstatic some would say that, and some would say as Yitzchak has said. – Baby Seal Sep 30 '14 at 15:07
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    @publicstatic Both verses have their own points beyond saying that God is not a man but both state that He isn't. In each case, the verse makes it's point by saying that God is not a man as if it would be absurd to suspect that He was. +1 for theology. – Yitzchak Sep 30 '14 at 15:08
  • @publicstatic also note that if the verse is interpreted as you say, it would seem appropriate to say "God is not like man...", Especially if God really is a man. – Baby Seal Sep 30 '14 at 15:09
  • @BabySeal I agree, I'm just trying to refute those who claim He was a man. You made a good point, it doesn't say "..not like man.." but negates being a Man also. – public static Sep 30 '14 at 15:21
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Bilam juxtaposes God and man in Num 23:19:

לֹא אִישׁ אֵל וִיכַזֵּב, וּבֶן-אָדָם וְיִתְנֶחָם; הַהוּא אָמַר וְלֹא יַעֲשֶׂה, וְדִבֶּר וְלֹא יְקִימֶנָּה.

God is not a man, that He should lie; neither the son of man, that He should repent: when He hath said, will He not do it? or when He hath spoken, will He not make it good?

Moses says in Deut 4:12 and 15 that no image was seen at the revelation at sinai, which precludes any image, including man:

וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֲלֵיכֶם, מִתּוֹךְ הָאֵשׁ: קוֹל דְּבָרִים אַתֶּם שֹׁמְעִים, וּתְמוּנָה אֵינְכֶם רֹאִים זוּלָתִי קוֹל.

And the LORD spoke unto you out of the midst of the fire; ye heard the voice of words, but ye saw no form; only a voice.

וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּם מְאֹד, לְנַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם: כִּי לֹא רְאִיתֶם, כָּל-תְּמוּנָה, בְּיוֹם דִּבֶּר יְהוָה אֲלֵיכֶם בְּחֹרֵב, מִתּוֹךְ הָאֵשׁ.

Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves--for ye saw no manner of form on the day that the LORD spoke unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire--

Ezekiel, in what is probably the most explicit recorded depiction of God's 'image' in Tanach, Ezek 1:26, says he saw an image as the appearance of a man, as opposed to his describing the image of a throne, with no preposition. in 1:28, Ezekiel describes what he saw as 'the glory of God', not God Himself:

וּמִמַּעַל, לָרָקִיעַ אֲשֶׁר עַל-רֹאשָׁם, כְּמַרְאֵה אֶבֶן-סַפִּיר, דְּמוּת כִּסֵּא; וְעַל, דְּמוּת הַכִּסֵּא, דְּמוּת כְּמַרְאֵה אָדָם עָלָיו, מִלְמָעְלָה.

And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone; and upon the likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man upon it above.

כְּמַרְאֵה הַקֶּשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר יִהְיֶה בֶעָנָן בְּיוֹם הַגֶּשֶׁם, כֵּן מַרְאֵה הַנֹּגַהּ סָבִיב--הוּא, מַרְאֵה דְּמוּת כְּבוֹד-יְהוָה; וָאֶרְאֶה וָאֶפֹּל עַל-פָּנַי, וָאֶשְׁמַע קוֹל מְדַבֵּר.

As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spoke.

  • I also feel like there's something in Job that is relevent here. – Baby Seal Sep 30 '14 at 15:11
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Rambam in his introduction to Chelek cites the verse (Yeshaya 40:25) ואל מי תדמיוני ואשוה, to whom can you compare Me that I would be equatable? He explains: If Hashem had a body, He would be equatable to other creations that have bodies.

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