Who knows four?
Please cite/link your sources, if possible. After Shabbat, I will:
Upvote all interesting answers.
Accept the best answer.
Go on to the next number.
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
Four is number of angels, faces, wings and hands (on each angel) of Yechzkiel's vision
4 exiles: בבל, פרס ומדי, יון. אדום.
These correspond to the letters of the word גשנה, which stands for גוף שכל נפש הכל.
גוף corresponds to גלות פרס ומדי.
שכל corresponds to גלות יון.
נפש corresponds to גלות בבל.
הכל corresponds to גלות אדום.
This is also connected to the 4 sides of the דריידל.
There are 4 sons of יבן (see 1 Chronicles 1:7 and Genesis 9:4)
There are 4 sons of חם (see 1 Chronicles 1:8 and Genesis 9:6)
There are 4 sons of ארם (see Genesis 9:23)
There are 4 sons of ראואל (see 1 Chronicles 1:37)
There are 4 sons of ראומה (see Genesis 22:24)
There are four things called “two which are four,” all of which are found in the first Mishnah of Shevuos. The below sources indicate other places where the teachings appear.
4- are the number of things required for a "תנאי" --halachik stipulation/ condition-- to be considered valid (see Rambam, Hilchos Ishus 6:1-2).
1) שיהיה כפול - The stipulation must be "twofold," with both a positive and negative statement
2) שיהיה הן שלו קודם ללאו - The positive stipulation must be stated before the negative stipulation
3) שיהיה התנאי קודם למעשה - the stipulation must be mentioned before the action
4) שיהיה התנאי דבר שאפשר לקיימו - the stipulation made must be possible for one to fulfill
-...commoners have no share in the World to Come: Balaam, Doeg, Ahithophel and Gehazi. (Sanhedrin 90a)
...vessels Hashem knocked and found to be full of urine (worthless): Adam, Cain, Balaam, and Hezekiah. (Breshis Rabbah 19:11)
Biblical figures who vowed, 2 incurred loss (Yaakov and Jephtah) and the other 2 profitted (Hannah and Klal Israel) - Bereshit Rabbah 70:4