In a lecture on science, Rabbi David Gotlieb states that the purpose of nature is to provide a misleading appearance that the world carries itself, and the purpose of that is to provide an arena for human free will.

Are there any sources which say this explicitly? (preferably from scripture if possible)

Best I can see, is Deuteronomy 30:19 (..choose life), but that just says regarding the blessings and curses. It does not say that the purpose of creation of this world is as an arena for man's free will.

  • This is a very commonplace concept in Jewish thought and is considered largely self-evident. Man must choose to serve God and if God's presence were fully perceptible such a choice would be impossible. It might be helpful if you could flesh out exactly what your difficulty is with this idea.
    – LazerA
    Jul 9, 2014 at 11:18
  • 1
    Derech Hashem and the Ramchal's seforim, but that isn't exactly scripture. The closest indication that exists in scripture is that God created man to do good, because He 'regretted' כביכול having made man when man did bad (Beraishis 6:6) Jul 9, 2014 at 12:14
  • related: judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/16615/…
    – Menachem
    Jul 9, 2014 at 21:10

2 Answers 2


"It does not say that the purpose of creation of this world is as an arena for man's free will." That is correct. However, that is not what you paraphrased from the lecture, i.e., the purpose of nature.

Where does it say this? In the word itself! The word teva means coin, meaning the same thing in Hebrew as it does in English. A coin is something agreed upon and stable, both in monetary notes and metal, and in terms and natures. Hashem runs the world. When we see the same thing happening over and over again, however, it becomes plausible to ascribe happenings as having their own existence. This thought is only a few hundred years old, however. Before then, nature was attributed to some deity or force, either directly or indirectly. If a verse were required for the Jewish perspective, it would be Bereishis 1:1.

There is another implied question in your post, however. That is, why did Hashem create the world? That question is not answerable, and is, according to Rambam Avodah Zora 2:5-6 from Bamidbar 15:39, forbidden to spend time thinking about. Hence, we cannot say if it was for free will or not. Indeed, it is unlikely, as Avos 4:21 compares this world as being secondary to the next world. It is the next world that is more likely to embody or contain the purpose of creation.

Nonetheless, we can still infer certain intentions contained within the creation. 1 Shmuel 15:22 has Shmuel HaNavi lecturing to Shaul that listening, rather than action, is what Hashem wants. Avos 5:1 explains that Hashem created the world with 10 sayings rather than 1 in order to payback the rasha and to give good reward to the righteous. Midrash Rabba 1 mentions Gan Eiden and Gehinom many times as being part of the creation.

If this is what Hashem wants, affected how He created the world, and was part of the first days and declared good, we can infer that it is an important part of this world.


The first clear mention is Bereishis 4:7:

Is it not so that if you improve, it will be forgiven you? If you do not improve, however, at the entrance, sin is lying, and to you is its longing, but you can rule over it.

You can rule over sin.

  • indeed it shows one can repent but how does this show that the purpose of nature is to provide an arena for free will.
    – ray
    Jul 9, 2014 at 12:36
  • @ray, any such reference in scripture will be interpretative. See, for example, Iyov Chapter 35 (contrast verse 5 vs verses 8 and 10). I thought you were asking for a source for free will. That this the "purpose" of nature, like any statement of "purpose" is provisional, and depends on the underlying philosophical approach used.
    – Yishai
    Jul 9, 2014 at 13:15

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .