A Mikvah can be used to purify humans or certain vessels which have contracted ritual impurity (Rambam Mikvaot 1 (English)).

When humans use the Mikvah to purify themselves they recite a blessing (Rambam Berachot 11:6 (English)).

Is there any recorded blessing to be said when immersing vessels to purify* them? What authorities support saying such a blessing and what authorities oppose saying such a blessing? What are their respective reasons? What is the text of the blessing?

Let's assume the vessels are being immersed in order to be used in a purified state, such as for eating sacrificial meat in the Temple.

* Note I am not referring to immersing food vessels purchased from a non-Jew as that immersion is not a purity-related concern (Rambam Maachalot Asurot 17:5 (English)).

  • Why do you think Berachot 11:6 is limited to humans purifying themselves?
    – Yishai
    Jun 10, 2014 at 1:41
  • @Yishai For vessels it would be הטביל, though if you cite someone who claims otherwise that would be interesting although it wouldn't answer what the text of the blessing is or if anyone else argues.
    – Double AA
    Jun 10, 2014 at 1:53
  • @DoubleAA on a side note the Yersuhalmi Avida Zarah does hold the reason is tumah:תני רבי הושעיה צריך להטביל כהדא רבמי סלק עם רבי יודן נשייא לחמתא דגדר ושאלון כסף מן אילין דאוסינוס שאלון לרבי ירמיה אמר צריך להטביל לפי שיצאו מטומאת הנכרי ונכנסו לקדושת ישראל יצא לחוץ ונלמד נפקין ושמעון רבי יעקב בר אחא שמעון בר בא בשם רבי יוחנן לא שנו אלא לוקח אבל שואל מותר מעתה אפילו כלים רבי הושעיה זבין כלים ומטבילן.
    – sam
    Jun 10, 2014 at 18:09
  • @sam That's Tumah in a non-technical sense. The Yerushalmi is saying it's more like Gerut.
    – Double AA
    Jun 10, 2014 at 18:14
  • Several rishonim (e.g. Rif and Tosafos on P'sachim 7b) talk about a b'racha on t'vila applying to all "חייבי טבילות", and the Maharsha (Chiddushei Halachos, Shabbos 111a, s.v. בד"ה לא ס"ד) seems to include t'vilas keilim (of the type you discuss, as it's in the context of a discussion on טבילה בזמנה) in that category. I suspect that he would therefore require a b'racha of על הטבילה on impure keilim (though there is an opinion that this is the nusach in a standard case of טבילת כלים anyway - see Or Zaru'a 4:289).
    – Fred
    Jun 10, 2014 at 20:56


You must log in to answer this question.