I have been taught growing up that only Jesus has fulfilled the Old Testament messianic prophecies, and has not contradicted any messianic prophecies.

Which messianic prophecies did Jesus fulfill?

Which messianic prophecies did Jesus not fulfill?

Are there any things he did or did not do that completely rule out Jesus being the messiah according to all Jewish traditions?

A "messianic prophecy" is what is agreed upon by all Jewish traditions.

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    possible duplicate of Why don't Jews think Jesus is the messiah?
    – Isaac Moses
    May 2, 2014 at 1:03
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    Well, as noted in that other question, he hasn't fulfilled those prophecies. And he's dead now. So you're asking if, hypothetically, a person who failed to fulfill those prophecies could be resurrected and do so in the future? That seems pretty speculative, and there'd be no reason to believe that Jesus would be more likely to do so than Shabbatai Tzvi or my cousin Joe -- every claimant starts at square zero, having not done the job so far. May 2, 2014 at 1:33
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    Jesus actually satisfied the requirements of a false prophet in that he taught things which go against the Torah. That in addition to not satisfying all the prophecies sort of seals the deal. Did he fulfill ANY is the real question (other than those like "ride a donkey" which were fulfilled by many people).
    – rosends
    May 2, 2014 at 1:35
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    @yters I hope you don't take this as hostile (not meant to be), but Matthew didn't "show" anything; the people writing the Jesus story knew their Tanakh and knew what prophecies they had to line up with, but there's no external evidence for any of the claims -- and even people wanting to tell this story didn't manage to address most of the moshiach job requirements. (There comes a point where you can't; if someone had united all the Jews under his rule and built the third temple, we'd know.) BTW, "virgin birth" is a Christian thing based on a false translation; Judaism doesn't have that. May 2, 2014 at 2:49
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    This version of the question requires knowledge of Christian claims (what things Jesus is alleged to have done), which runs afoul of the comparative-religion close reason. You'd need to include a list and ask "what's missing?" or the like if you want to go down that path. Sorry. May 2, 2014 at 3:57

1 Answer 1


For the question of whether Jesus could have been the moshiach (summary: no), see this question.

In a comment you say that your question isn't a duplicate of that but, rather:

I want to know whether Jesus fulfills the messianic prophecies the best. Which he may do even if Jews by and large do not think he is the messiah.

This doesn't really compute for us, I'm afraid. Since he obviously wasn't the moshiach, and since somebody who's dead can't be the moshiach in the future, it doesn't really matter if he fulfills the prophecies "the best". There's no partial credit; since he's not the moshiach, his claim is no stronger than that of Shabbatai Tzvi, Bar Kokhba, David Ben Gurion, or any of the dozens (hundreds?) of people throughout history who've thought they were the moshiach.1

The proof is in the doing. When somebody gathers all Jews in Israel, unifies the world in believing in God, brings world peace, builds the third temple, etc, we'll know we have a candidate. Until then, matching up on a few points -- without even supporting evidence, only the written testimony of people who wanted to tell that particular story -- doesn't mean anything.

1 I am not saying that Ben Gurion ever made such a claim; I'm only using him as an example of someone who was pretty significant in the political history of Israel. (The article that makes a related claim is not serious.)

  • Yes, I know Jesus didn't fulfill all the prophecies. My question is whether Jesus fulfilled the most. According to Josh in the comments above Ben Gurion fulfilled the most, which most closely answers my question. Furthermore in his article, he states that dying is not enough to disqualify someone from being a messianic candidate: 'since he was not "neherag" but died, and /or perhaps since tzadikkim are not really, fully "dead," he should still be a good candidate'. So even though Jesus died, that doesn't mean he can't be the messiah.
    – yters
    May 2, 2014 at 3:11
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    @yters I hate to tell you this, but that article is written tongue in cheek. Standard Judaism for millennia has held death to be a deal-breaker. There have always been some crazies along the way, but it takes all types, right?
    – Double AA
    May 2, 2014 at 3:20
  • Interesting. There aren't any messianic prophecies or traditions saying the messiah will rise from the dead? For example, the idea of a "messiah son of Joseph" in this missionary article: flashtrafficblog.wordpress.com/2012/04/17/…
    – yters
    May 2, 2014 at 3:30
  • I'm not aware of any. In future times all who have died will be resurrected, but the messiah himself has to be there in the flesh on his first round. Edit: Oh, you're asking about moshiach ben Yosef. See some info here. May 2, 2014 at 3:32
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    @sabbahillel Is it clear that MBY must come patrillineally from Yosef? Perhaps he could be from Yosef the way Mordechai is from Yehuda (cf Megillah 12b)?
    – Double AA
    Nov 5, 2015 at 17:00

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