In the answer to another question about tefilla, I read: "that it was against halacha to stand outside and daven out in the open under the Kippas HaShamayim [canopy of the heavens]."

This is new information to me and I would like to know its source and if possible its reasoning. Also, is this always true, or are there cases where it is permissible to pray the Shemona Esrei outdoors?


1 Answer 1


As you yourself sourced, the problem is defined in the Gemara:

SA OC 90:5: "One should not daven in an open place like a field, because when you're in a private place you have fear of the King and your heart is broken". (Source Brachot 34)

From what I recall learning, it's easier to feel one is in the presence of The King when one is indoors; palaces tend to be "indoors"/enclosed areas.

When in the open, one feels more liberated and free - not a good frame of mind to be in when one is supposed to in a private audience with the King of Kings.

As a result, when there is no [appropriate] building available, one should prefer treed-in areas over the open-space. (I.e. - it's not forbidden - it's not inappropriate to daven in open areas.)


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