If one misses Barchu at the beginning of Maariv, should one say it at the end of Maariv (as is commonly done)? If so when should it be done and who should do it?


I have heard, in the name, if I recall correctly (but it's possible I don't), of Rabbi Avraham Pam (of Torah Vodaas), that there is no benefit in saying bar'chu after maariv after missing at the start, but that it's not a shem l'vatala, as one can technically say bar'chu at any time in the presence of a minyan.

I ask in a followup question whether the above applies also to the case that one missed also birchos k'rias sh'ma and will say them after t'fila b'tzibur.

  • 3
    You are correct in your last assertion. BTW, when saying Borchu to say birchos krias shema it is not necessary to say Vehu Rahum, as that is only necessary to be said before davening the tefila i.e. amida of Maariv. This also means that if you come late and want to daven with the tzibbur and say birchos krias Shema later you should say vehu rahum before starting the amidah.
    – Yahu
    Oct 26 '10 at 5:21
  • @Yahu, at what point should you say VeHu Rahum if you arrived late? Is it not a Hefsek?
    – Seth J
    Jul 23 '13 at 17:18

According to Halacah Berurah 133:1

Minhag Yisrael is to say barechu after the last kaddish in Shacharit. According to the Maran Beit Yosef, and the REMA, the reason is to fulfill the obligation of people who didn't hear it already (becuase they came late). For that reason they rule not to say this barechu on Shabbat and Yom Tov, because even people who came late still arrived on time to hear barechu during keriat shema.

According to the Ari Z"L, there are kabbalistic reasons to always say barechu after the end of the tefillah, and the reasons have nothing to do with fulfilling people's obligation. (The same reasoning applies to Arvit, but not to Mincha.) This is the minhag of the Sepharadim. Kehillot who follow this minhag have barechu printed in the siddur in the proper place.

P.S. I only discuss Shacharit here, because the volume of Halacha Berurah that includes the halachot of Arvit hasn't been written yet.

What have I seen in practice? In practice at Ashkenazi synagogues in Chutz l'Aretz, someone who was late and missed barechu says barechu after Aleinu. I don't remember what the minhag is for ashkenazim in Eretz Yisrael.

In Sephardi synagogues, the mourners who said kaddish right before Aleinu say barechu right after they finish saying kaddish. If there are no mourners (and kaddish wasn't said, then the shaliach tzibbur says it right before Aleinu.) A sepharadi siddur will tell you exactly where to say it.

  • Re "I don't remember what the minhag is for ashkenazim in Eretz Yisrael" — I should perhaps have mentioned in my answer that many Ashk'nazi congregations in Israel do recite bar'chu at the end of prayers, morning and evening. I don't know which do and which do not. Note also that Ashk'nazi congregations that pray nusach S'farad, even outside Israel, say bar'chu after maariv on Shabas.
    – msh210
    Oct 26 '10 at 15:01

One of the reasons we have seven aliyos on Shabbos is for those that missed Borechu in Tefilas Shacharis to hear Borechu seven times. (will add in source later)

  • 4
    This is not an answer to the question. It looks more like a comment on one of the answers.
    – Yahu
    Oct 26 '10 at 20:44
  • Have you found it yet?
    – Double AA
    Aug 27 '12 at 15:28
  • what about now? Nov 10 '13 at 19:52
  • Now? Why would they need to hear it sooooo many time anyway?
    – Double AA
    May 14 '14 at 4:12

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