Given the prohibition of wearing certain footwear on Yom Kippur, is one allowed to wear Crocs on Yom Kippur? Or are they too comfortable or something?
1Crocguy, Welcome to mi.yodeya, and thanks very much for the seasonal question (better late than never)! We'd love to have you as a fully registered member, which you can accomplish by clicking "register," above.– Isaac Moses ♦Oct 3, 2010 at 21:07
1Pretty much all non-leather shoes nowadays are comfortable. I might even go so far as to say they are more comfortable than some leather shoes.– ScimonsterOct 5, 2014 at 7:18
Given the questions and doubts on this, why doesn't one just wear socks, or is that also considered "too comfortable"?– DanFSep 26, 2017 at 22:18
See this article from Rabbi Brody.
Basically there are two opinions about yom kippur shoes. One is that anything non-leather is fine. The other is that they should also be not-too-cushiony. While the former seems to be common practice, the latter is cited as a good practice by many poskim.
So there are three possibilities about crocs:
- They are permissible (former view)
- They are prohibited (latter view)
- They are less-than-ideal (somewhere in between)
Rabbi Brody concluded that in his opinion, to say 3 was not an absurd chumra.
Rabbi Elyashiv ZY"A said that the wearing of Crocs on Yom Kippur is "permissible legalistically, but it is inadvisable," because they are too comfortable. (Source)
Strictly according to the law, there is no problem with Crocs. I've seen many תלמידי חכמים who wear Crocs on Yom Kippur. However, there is an opinion that Crocs are too comfortable.
7Some sources would be nice.– Double AA ♦Jul 24, 2012 at 19:21
@DoubleAA I agree, but this information is from lectures I've heard, so I can't point to a specific source. Sorry.– jutkyJul 24, 2012 at 19:41
Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 614:1,7) discusses the permissibility of rubber shoes (e.g. Crocs).– LeeOct 5, 2014 at 10:27
Maybe that's one of the reasons they are called a Talmid Chacham!– DanFSep 26, 2017 at 22:21
At the Shabbos Shuvah Drasha 5775, my rav mentioned that while they might be "legally correct", they are not in the spirit of the day because they are "too casual". Canvas sneakers are better. He did not go into detail beyond this. He also said that if that is all you have, then that is what you would have to wear.
The Gemara YOMA 78b lists great rabbis who would go out on YK with cork or reed sandals. The question is how to understand the following statement regarding a prosthetic leg יומא דף עח עמוד ב אלא אמר רבא: לעולם דכולי עלמא מנעל הוא
RAVA would seem to indicate that a wooden prosthetic leg is an issue even though it is not leather.
Tur (and Bais Yosef) state; אורח חיים הלכות יום הכפורים סימן תריד ומיהו כל דבר של עור אפילו קב הקיטע וכיוצא בו אסור אבל של גמי ושל קש וכל מינין חוץ מבשל עור מותר Thus Halachakly it 100% fine to go with Crocs. Yet Some Rishonim understand the statement of RAVA that even wooden shoes are an issue.
Baal Ha-Maor -Rabbi Zerachiah ha-Levi Gerondi המאור הקטן מסכת יומא דף ב עמוד א וסנדל של שעם נראה מהלכות הרי"ף שמותר לצאת בו בתענית צבור וביום הכפורים ולא כן נראה מעיקר הגמרא דמסקנא דשמעתין אמר רבא דכ"ע מנעל הוא
Rabbeinu Yerucham as well states לעולם לא ראיתי מי שנהג היתר לצאת בסנדל של עץ .
As a result some of the great Achronim (Panim Meirot, Chatam Sofer Eliya Raba) recommend that YK shoes should be ones that give a feeling of being barefoot.(מרגיש שהוא יחף a quote from the RAMBAM) Yet once Shulchan Aruch and RAMA make no such statement one should be sensitive with his CHUMRA.
Regarding Rava's position. Does the Gemara explicitly state the wooden leg is not leather? Otherwise, Rava may be assuming that a leather padding is used to shield the stump from abrasion. Dec 9, 2019 at 19:37
Does not explicitly state that it is not leather. The RIF and RAN understand it to be a wooden leg with a leather padding. Thus, wood on its own fine.– YM69Dec 12, 2019 at 21:26