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The second mishnah in Rosh HaShanah says that "all the people of the world" are judged on Rosh HaShanah. How should non-Jews observe the Day of Judgment?

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  • related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/18691/759
    – Double AA
    Aug 25, 2013 at 20:04
  • 1
    Welcome to Mi Yodeya, and thanks very much for this possibly very-widely-applicable question! I hope you'll look around and find other information on this site that's of use to you, perhaps including our 301 other questions about gentiles. Please consider registering your account, which will give you access to more of the site's features. Finally, please edit your account and give yourself a name!
    – Isaac Moses
    Aug 25, 2013 at 20:50
  • In addition to the answers, you may want to know that Gentiles are allowed to and are sometimes welcome to attend High Holiday services. You should verify this with the specific synagogue you may want to attend - not just regarding their policy, but these holidays tend to get filled seats and the synagogue may want to prioritize their seating for their own Jewish members and family / guests. You will find many of the prayers are "general" applying to universal concepts of peace, blessings, and G-d's kingship. And the sound of the shofar is inspiring for everyone.
    – DanF
    Sep 5, 2018 at 16:20

2 Answers 2

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The nearest answer I can find refers to the prayers that Noahides can say on or before Rosh Hashonoh from “asknoah.org”

The suggested prayers contain a section from “Unesaneh Tokef”, “V’Khol Ma’aminin”, Psalm 24, and some prayers from from the booklet "Prayers, Blessings, Principles of Faith, and Divine Service for Noahides (5th Edition, pub. 20’13 by Ask Noah International)"

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I saw an article where Rabbi Israel Chait addresses your question for Bnei Noach. I thought you might like his comments.

Here is the link for the article on Mesora.org

Noachide:

What is appropriate behavior for Noahides on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur? I want to be very careful not to transgress by doing more than is permitted, not creating festivals for myself. But it seems to me – please let me know if I am mistaken – that at least Rosh Hashana is relevant to the whole world and perhaps I should mark it in some way. And finally, I would like to know if there are particular prayers from the Siddur that are permissible for the Noahide to pray.

Rabbi Israel Chait:

The Noachide should know that he too is judged on Rosh Hashanna by God just as the Jew and the rest of mankind. He therefore should pray all the prayers that the Jew prays, as he too is loved by God and through his repentance and prayer will be received by God and inscribed for a good year. Of course he must make some minor adjustments so that the prayer makes sense. For instance, instead of saying "our God and the God of our fathers", he can say "our God and the God of our Patriarchs" since he is not a direct descendant of the Patriarchs. But such obvious points are minor although they do require some awareness of what one is saying. But other than that technical point, all of the prayers, even the piyut (additional prayers) are applicable and beneficial to the Noachide as it is to the Jew. Indeed, the whole theme of Rosh Hashanna is that there is one Creator of the universe and all God's creatures should recognize Him. What then can be more correct before God than to have the Ben Noach recognize Him and pray to Him on this day? Indeed the Ben Noach is in a very special position to do an act that has a special value, a dimension which his unique position allows him to accomplish, which the Jew cannot. As it says in the prayers, "Let all those who dwell on the Earth recognize and know that [only] to You shall every knee bow down...and all shall accept the yoke of Thy kingdom..and God shall be the king of the entire Earth and He and His name shall be one." The Ben Noach prayer has a very special place before God as part of the fulfillment of His words. May the one who asked the question be blessed with all of God's blessings for a wonderful and a spiritually fulfilling year. There is one last point. In order not to violate making a holiday for himself since he is not commanded, the Ben Noach should not treat the day as a holiday by making it festive or imposing any prohibitions on himself. ■

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  • I especially appreciated that he advised not to observe it as a holiday. That had completely slipped my mind as I was thinking about this.
    – user6591
    Sep 22, 2014 at 19:26
  • You should summarize what he said or even (if it is short enough) quote the relevant part of his answer rather than just citing the link Sep 30, 2020 at 2:55
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    While this link may answer the question, it is better to include the essential parts of the answer here and provide the link for reference. Link-only answers can become invalid if the linked page changes. - From Review Sep 30, 2020 at 2:56
  • @sabbahillel I had included it, however Isaac Moses edited it out. I can re-include it.
    – RCW
    Oct 1, 2020 at 3:14
  • Isaac and sabba both suggested including a summary
    – Double AA
    Oct 1, 2020 at 12:32

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